Nursing Procedure

ISOLATION TECHNIQUE / BARRIER NURSING

DEFINITION Isolation is the separation of infected person from the non-infected person for the period of communicability under conditions which will prevent the transmission of infection to others Isolation technique means observing all those practices that are designed to prevent the transmission of specific pathogens from one person to another directly or indirectly. It is …

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CROSS INFECTION

CROSS INFECTION Methods of Transmission of Cross Infection Direct Contact: the organisms can be transmitted directly from person to person through droplet infection, infected hands, sexual contact, etc., Indirect Contact: contact with the secretions and excretions of the infected person through fomites (instruments and utensils), through contaminated food and water, through insects, through dust and …

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ASEPSIS

ASEPSIS The practice of asepsis is designed to reduce the number of microorganisms present or reduce the risk of transmission from one person to another. It is also known as clean technique Medical asepsis is the term used to describe the technique of preventing the transfer of disease by stopping the infection at its source …

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HANDWASHING

HANDWASHING Hand washing involves both mechanical and chemical action. Careful washing of the hands reduces the number of bacteria Hand washing is the single most important means of preventing the transmission of infectious agents. Careful washing of hands using soap, water and nail brush reduces the number of bacteria Hand washing is most important to …

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CONCURRENT & TERMINAL DISINFECTION

DISINFECTION OF ARTICLES Disinfection means destroying of all the pathogenic organisms. It is done either by physical or chemical method. Types of Disinfectants Alcohols Ethanol Isopropanol Advantages: wide microbicidal activity, noncorrosive Disadvantages: not universally sporicidal, limited residual activity, fire hazard Recommended for: hand disinfection in outpatient clinics Aldehyde Glutaraldehyde Orthophthaldehyde Advantages: wide microbicidal activity and …

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VITAL SIGNS

VITAL SIGNS The vital sign or cardinal signs are body temperature, pulse rate, respiration and blood pressure. These signs should be looked at in total, to monitor the vital functions of the body. The signs reflect changes in functions that otherwise it might not be observed. Temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure (BP) and oxygen saturation …

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