SUTURE REMOVAL

SUTURE REMOVAL – Purpose, Principle, Usual Timing, Factors Affecting, Types, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Procedure, Equipment and Post-Procedure Care

Suture removal is a process removing materials used to secure wound edges or body parts together from healed wound without damaging newly formed tissue

The timing of suture removal depends on the shape, size and location of the sutured incision

The sutures may be removed by the surgeons or by the surges regarding to the tropical customs. In all cages, the surgeon gives the written order for the removal of the sutures

PURPOSE

Sutures are foreign bodies and if they are not removed they are capable of causing local inflammation

PRINCIPLE

  • Never pull the visible portion of the suture through underlying tissue
  • Suture line is cleansed before and after suture removal
  • No part of the stitch which is above the skin level enter and contaminate the tissue under the skin

USUAL TIMING

  • Scalp and free: 2-5 days
  • Abdominal wounds: 7-10 days
  • Lower limbs: 10-14 days

FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUTURE REMOVAL

  • Type of suture
  • Wound bedding

TYPES

  • Removing staples: to remove staples, the nurse simply inserts the tips of the staple remover under each wire staples. Squeezes are center of the staple with the tips, freeing the staples from the skin
  • Intermittent suture: the surgeon tied each individual suture made in the skin
  • Continuous suture: it is the series of sutures with only two knots
  • Retentions suture: they are placed deeply than skin sutures

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

  • Confirm the doctor’s order for the removal of the sutures
  • The suture removal is done in conjunction with the dressing change
  • When removal interrupted in sutures, alternate one are removed first
  • Suture material left beneath the skin acts as a foreign body and clients the inflammatory response
  • If wound dehiscence occurs during the removal of sutures, inform the surgeon immediately
  • After removing the sutures, even if the wound is dry, the small dressing is applied for the day or two to prevent infection
  • If wound discharge occurs, the patient should be instructed to contact the surgeon
  • Abdominal belts or many tailed bandages may be applied as the abdomen after removal of abdominal sutures in obese patients to prevent wound dehiscence and evisceration

PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT

  • Check the physician’s order
  • Assess the general candidates of the patient
  • Check the specific precautions of any
  • Check the consciousness of the patient and his ability to follow instructions

PREPARATION OF PATIENT AND ENVIRONMENT

  • Explain the procedure to the patient
  • Provide privacy, if needed
  • Clean the area before and after the procedure

EQUIPMENT

  • Water proof thrash bag
  • Adjustable light
  • Clean gloves, if the wound is dressed
  • Sterile gloves
  • Sterile forceps
  • Normal saline solution
  • Sterile gauze pads
  • Antiseptic cleaning agent
  • Sterile curve tipped suture scissors
  • Povidone-iodine sponges
  • Optional adhesive butterfly strips and compound benzoin tincture or other skin protectant

PROCEDURE

  • To remove the interpreted sutures, grasp the suture at the knot with a toothed forceps and pull it gently to expose the portion of the stitch under the skin
  • Cut the suture with a sharp scissors between the knot and the skin on one side either below the knot or opposite the knot. The pull the thread out of one piece
  • The suture which is already above the skin should not be drawn under the skin. After removal of sutures, every suture should be examined for completeness. The number of suture’s shower be countered before and after removal
  • Mattress intercepted sutures have no threads underlying the skin. The visible part of the suture opposite the knot should be cut and the suture is removed by putting in the direction of the knot
  • If a continuous suture is applied, it is cut through, close at each skin orifice on one side and the cut sections are removed through the opposite side by gentle traction

POST-PROCEDURE CARE

  • After the removal of any suture we showed clear the area
  • We can give dressing also the area to prevent infection
  • Tell the patient to keep the area clean
  • Document the status of the wound, after suture removal
SUTURE REMOVAL – Purpose, Principle, Usual Timing, Factors Affecting, Types, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Procedure, Equipment and Post-Procedure Care
SUTURE REMOVAL – Purpose, Principle, Usual Timing, Factors Affecting, Types, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Procedure, Equipment and Post-Procedure Care

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