Pharmacology (Drug Notes)

AMLODIPINE – NORVASC

AMLODIPINE – NORVASC Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interaction, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: Calcium Channel Blockers USES: It is used for treating high blood pressure (hypertension) and coronary heart disease. Not recommended for heart failure without doctor’s guidance. It can be taken or given orally. DOSAGES: High blood pressure: Adults (18 years to …

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AMOXICILLIN

AMOXICILLIN Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interaction, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: Beta-lactam (β-lactam) antibiotic , penicillin antibiotic USES: It is used for treating bacterial infections that comprises middle ear infection, pneumonia, Urinary tract infections, skin infections, salmonella infections, Chlamydia infections, streptococcal infections, lyme disease, acute otitis media.  It can be taken or given …

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INSULIN (Regular) or HUMAN INSULIN

INSULIN  (Regular) or HUMAN INSULIN Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interaction, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: Protein  USES: It is used for treating type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic states.  High blood potassium levels are also treated using insulin along with glucose. It can be taken or given through injection …

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METFORMIN

METFORMIN – Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interaction, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: biguanide  USES: It is used for treating type-2 diabetes and PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) It can be taken or given orally. DOSAGES: Adult dosage (18 years and above) Starting dosage: 500 mg, twice per day, or 850 mg, once per day as …

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Dexamethasone DRUG

DEXAMETHASONE – Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interaction, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: Corticosteroid, Glucocorticoid USES: It is used for treating rheumatic problems, skin diseases, allergies, asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, brain swelling, eye pain, tuberculosis along with antibiotics. It can be taken orally, through injection or intravenously. DOSAGES: Adult dosage (18 years up …

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CODEINE

Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interactions, generic and brand name CLASSIFICATION: Opiate (narcotic) Analgesics and Antitussives USES: It is used for treating pain, cough and diarrhea. Codeine is mostly a habit-forming (addictive) drug if used excessively. This drug has to be given or taken as per physician’s advice. It can be taken orally. DOSAGES: …

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PARACETAMOL (Acetaminophen)

Classification, Uses, Dosages, Common Side Effects, Generic Name and Brand Name PARACETAMOL  (Acetaminophen) CLASSIFICATION: Analgesics and Antipyretics USES: It is used for treating pain and fever. It is mainly used as a mild moderate pain reliever. Generally it can be taken orally. Rectally or intravenously can be given upon Physician’s advice. DOSAGES: Adult Paracetamol Dose …

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ASPIRIN (Acetylsalicylic acid)

CLASSIFICATION, USES, DOSAGES, COMMON SIDE EFFECTS, INTERACTION, GENERIC AND BRAND NAME ASPIRIN (Acetylsalicylic acid) CLASSIFICATION: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug USES: It is used for treating pain, fever and inflammation. Kawasaki disease, pericarditis, rheumatic fever are specific inflammatory condition where Aspirin is used. Aspirin will be given shortly after a heart attack to decrease the risk of …

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Drug IBUPROFEN – Classification, Uses, Dosages, Common Side Effects, Interactions, Generic and Brand Name

IBUPROFEN – Classification, Uses, Dosages, Common Side Effects, Interactions, Generic and Brand Name CLASSIFICATION: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug USES: It is used for treating pain, fever and inflammation. That includes migraines, rheumatoid arthritis, severe painful menstrual cramps, tooth aches, headaches. It can be used via both mouth or intravenously. DOSAGES: Adult Dose for Dysmenorrhea:                                                                                                     200-400 mg …

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