Medical Disease and Condition

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME

Nephrotic syndrome is classified as Primary Glomerular disease and Secondary Glomerular disease. Histopathologically, primary or idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome are classified as: Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome Focal Glomerular Sclerosis Diffuse Glomerular Sclerosis Membranous Glomerular Nephrotis Mesangio Capillary Glomerular Nephrotis Mesangial Proliferative Glomerular Nephrotis Endo Capillary Proliferative Glomerular Nephrotis Other Chronic Sclerosing Lesion Other Unclassified Disease THE …

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EXAMINATION OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

SIGNIFICANCE Clinical examination of the respiratory system is carried out to assess the functional status of the respiratory tract and lungs GENERAL EXAMINATION Before doing the examination of the respiratory system, a general examination relevant to the respiratory system should be carried out. Appearance Pallor Cyanosis Clubbing (Excessive curvature of the nail) Venous pulses Lymph …

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ROLE OF NURSE IN CARE OF MECHANICALLY VENTILATED PATIENT

HAND HYGIENE Wash hands before direct contact. 40% of infections are transmitted by the hands of hospital staff Use sterlium or alcohol based hand rub in between procedure RECORDING OF VITAL SIGNS Record vital signs (Assess for hypotension, tachycardia, tachypnoea) Observe respiratory pattern and auscultate lung sounds Observe for breathing pattern in relation to ventilatory  …

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URETEROCELE – Classification and Management

DEFINITION  Ureterocele is a congenital anomaly (present at birth) that affects girls more than boys. It is simply a swelling limited to the end of the ureter as it enters the bladder. Ureterocele is saccular out-pouching of the distal ureter into the urinary bladder It arise from abnormal embryogenesis with anomalous development of the intravesical ureter, …

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Definition:.     1. Hereditary disease characterized by cyst formation and massive kidney enlargement            Adult form of disorder is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and accounts for 10% of persons in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Pathophysiology:      1.    Renal cysts are fluid-filled sacs affecting nephrons; cysts fill, enlarge, multiply …

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