CODEINE

Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interactions, generic and brand name

CLASSIFICATION: Opiate (narcotic) Analgesics and Antitussives

USES:

It is used for treating pain, cough and diarrhea. Codeine is mostly a habit-forming (addictive) drug if used excessively. This drug has to be given or taken as per physician’s advice.

It can be taken orally.

DOSAGES:

  • The usual adult dose of codeine for pain is 15-60 mg every 4-6 hours as needed.
  • The dose for cough is 10 to 20 mg every 4-6 hours as needed.
  • The maximum dose for treating cough is 120 mg every 24 hours.

NOTE: Dosages can be given or taken as per physician’s instructions and guidance that depends upon the patient’s health condition

COMMON SIDE EFFECTS

Mild side effects are

  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizzy
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Confusion
  • Vertigo
  • Dry mouth
  • headache

Serious Side effects (rarely occurs) are

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Short shallow breathing
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Low blood pressure with dizziness and tiredness
  • seizures

INTERACTIONS:

Drugs (to name a few) that may interact with codeine include:

  • Amiodarone (Cordarone)
  • Fenatyl
  • Pentazocine
  • apomorphine
  • Imatinib (Gleevec)
  • Clomipramine
  • Cocaine
  • Diamorphine
  • Antihistamines, such as doxylamine  (Unisom), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), and chlorpheniramine  (Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Ethanol
  • Formoterol
  • Potassium phosphate/sodium phosphate (K-Phos) and potassium citrate (Urocit-K)
  • HIV/AIDS drugs, such as ritonavir (Norvir)  and tipranavir (Aptivus)
  • Pregabalin
  • Primidone
  • Propafenone (Rhythmol)

GENERIC NAME: acetaminophen/codeine

BRAND NAME: Tuzistra XR , Halotussin AC, Iophen, Ambenyl, Notuss AC, Bromanyl, Cheracol, Pentazine with Codeine, Pediacof,Diabetic Tussin C, Tusnel C, Tussi Organidin, Endal CD, Endacof AC, Zotex C, Vanacof, Glydeine.

Codeine - Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interactions, generic and brand name
Codeine – Classification, uses, dosages, common side effects, interactions, generic and brand name

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