DISINFECTION OF THE PATIENT UNIT

DISINFECTION OF THE UNIT

Disinfectants defined as the agent or solutions used to kill or destroy the growth of microorganisms

Disinfectants are the agent that free from infection. The term is usually applied to a chemical or physical agents kills vegetative forms of microorganisms

Common Disinfectants Used

  • Dettol (chloroxylenol): 1:2 to 1:1000 strength
  • Hibitane (chlorhexidine): 1:100 strength
  • Eusol (sodium hypochlorite): 1: 80 strength
  • Lysol (cresol and soap solution): 1:40 strength
  • Savlon (0.3% chlorhexidine and 3% cetrimide) – 1:20
  • Phenol (carbolic acid) – 1:10 to 1:20 strength
  • Formalin (formaldehyde) 50 g/l liter of water
  • Betadine (iodine) – 1: 40 strength
  • H2O2 (liberates O2) – 1:80 strength

Dilution formula: the volume of stock solution to be used.

Formula: strength of lotion required/strength of stock solution (multiply) volume of solution required

Responsibilities of Nursing Personnel

  • To delegate the responsibilities to other
  • To supervise the ward cleanliness
  • To provide adequate supplies for cleaning
  • To make the patients environment safe
  • To replace or repair the damages article
  • To keep the environment pleasant to promote comfort of the patient
  • To maintain the unit attractive and free from physical, chemical and biological hazards

Environment Setting

  • Atmospheric: temperature of 20-22 degree celcius is considered comfortable
  • Humidity of 40 – 60 % is more suitable
  • The room should be well ventilated
  • Adequate and artificial light should be provided
  • Noise should be minimum as it interferes with the rest and sleep of the patient. Damp dusting is done to maintain the purity of air
  • Eliminate unpleasant odors by maintaining proper cleanliness
  • Provide good water supply
  • Sewage system must be in working order

CARE OF PATIENT UNIT

TYPES OF WARDS IN PATIENT UNIT & PRINCIPLES OF CLEANLINESS

TERMINAL CLEANING OF PATIENT CARE UNIT

DISINFECTION OF THE PATIENT UNIT - NURSING PROCEDURE - Responsibilities, Atmosphere settings, disinfectants used, formula
DISINFECTION OF THE PATIENT UNIT – NURSING PROCEDURE – Responsibilities, Atmosphere settings, disinfectants used, formula

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