TYPES OF WARDS IN PATIENT UNIT & PRINCIPLES OF CLEANLINESS

TYPES OF WARDS IN-PATIENT UNIT

  • Private room: bed room with all other toilet facilities
  • Cubicles: small or large, the partition may be a wall or curtains
  • General ward: where several patients are placed

Principles of Cleanliness

  • Plan your work for cleanliness, to avoid waste of your energy and time
  • Do dusting after sweeping
  • Dust with a clean duster
  • Use a damp dusting for collecting dust
  • Soap and water or phenol 1:60
  • Dusting should be done from top to bottom
  • Dusting should be done with firm and even stroke
  • Use covered dustbin to collect the dust and waste material
  • Growth of bacteria is high in dark, moist and unclean places. So care should be taken while cleaning the congested places
  • Use brush when cleaning grooved surfaces
  • Replace all the equipments used for cleaning
  • Wash hands after dusting

Types of Cleaning

  • Daily cleaning: two to three times a day (floor, articles, furniture, dustbin and cupboards)
  • Weekly: roof, walls, ceiling fans, cobwebs
  • Annually: the ward should be emptied, repaired, white washed, painted, cleaned and washed

Equipment

  • Mops/Rags
  • Brooms/Brushes
  • Lotions (Detergents and disinfectants)
  • Vim and glass cleaner
  • Newspapers
  • Basins

Cleaning Activities

  • Sweep and mop the floor at least twice a day
  • Clean the floor with antiseptic solution
  • Keep the unit well ventilated and do not close the top ventilating windows
  • Dust the walls and roof from time to time in order to remove cobwebs
  • Clean the windows and doors regularly

Furniture

  • Bed steads: dust everyday while making the bed. Carbolize or wash with soap and water and dry well after discharge of the patients
  • Lockers: dust every morning and evening when tiding the ward. Keep the bed side locker always clean and neat
  • Cupboards: keep clean and tidy. Arrange the supplies after drying absolutely. Use naphthalene balls to protect
  • Bed cradles, back-rests, over bed tables, chairs and stools are to be cleaned every day. Iron furniture is cleaned with a dry duster to prevent rusting
  • Bathrooms: scrub and wash the floors every day. Avoid stagnation of water on the floors. Dispose the waste material properly in dustbins
  • Lavatories: check the flushing system is in working condition. Clean it with cleaning powder using a brush scrub and wash the floors daily. Teach the patients and relatives regarding the proper use of lavatory
  • Wash basins: clean them twice a day with cleaning powder using a brush. Remove the spots with some spot removing agent. Pour boiling water down the wash basin drains every day
  • Cabinet for sanitary wares: keep the racks clean, neat and tidy. Store the sanitary wares in racks neat and tidy and ready for use

Vermin and Insects

  • Clean the patients unit regularly. Eliminate all the breeding places. Keep garbage well covered and dispose of all refuse

Store food properly. Use fly screens on windows and doors

CARE OF PATIENT UNIT

DISINFECTION OF THE PATIENT UNIT

TERMINAL CLEANING OF PATIENT CARE UNIT

TYPES OF WARDS IN PATIENT UNIT & PRINCIPLES OF CLEANLINESS - Types of cleaning, activities
TYPES OF WARDS IN PATIENT UNIT & PRINCIPLES OF CLEANLINESS – Types of cleaning, activities

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