ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY

ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY – Purpose, the Formula for ORS, Equipment Needed, Procedure, Action of ORT and General Instructions

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is the giving of fluid by mouth to prevent and/or correct the dehydration that is a result of diarrhea

PURPOSE

  • To prevent dehydration
  • To prevent morbidity and mortality due to acute diarrheal diseases

THE FORMULA FOR ORS

The formula for ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution) recommended by WHO and UNICEF contains

  • 3.5 g sodium chloride
  • 2.9 g trisodium citrate dehydrate (or 2.5 g solution bicarbonate)
  • 1.5 g potassium chloride
  • 20 g glucose (anhydrous)

The above ingredients are dissolved in one liter of clean water

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

  • Take one liter of boiled and cooled drinking water
  • Clean glass of 200 ml capacity
  • A clean vessel to mix the solution
  • A clean spoon to mix the solution and feed the child

PROCEDURE

  • Pour one liter of clean water into a clean vessel
  • Open a packet of ORS and pour all the contents into the vessel
  • Stir with a clean spoon till it completely dissolves
  • Take some solution in a clean glass
  • Feed the child frequently with small doses of the solution

ACTION OF ORT

  • Oral rehydration therapy does not stop the diarrhea, but it replaces the lost fluids and essential salts thus preventing or treating dehydration and reducing the danger
  • The glucose contained in ORS solution enables the intestine to absorb the fluid and the salts more effectively. ORT alone is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from acute watery diarrhea regardless of cause

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

  • Oral rehydration therapy is the cheap, simple and effective way to treat dehydration caused by diarrhea
  • ORT is a safe and can be used to treat anyone suffering from diarrhea, without having to make a detailed diagnosis before the solution is given
  • Children must always treat immediately because they become dehydrated more quickly
  • The must learn to recognize the signs of dehydration which need ORS or special care
  • If ORT is given at home early, dehydration can often be prevented and many children will not become so ill
ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY – Purpose, the Formula for ORS, Equipment Needed, Procedure, Action of ORT and General Instructions
ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY – Purpose, the Formula for ORS, Equipment Needed, Procedure, Action of ORT and General Instructions

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *