INFRARED THERAPY (HOT APPLICATION)

INFRARED THERAPY (HOT APPLICATION) – Purpose, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Equipment, Procedure and After Care

Infrared radiation is long visible rays of spectrum used therapeutically for production of heat in tissues

PURPOSE

  • To promote comfort
  • To soften connective tissues
  • To promote healing of bed sores
  • To improve circulation
  • To relieve spasm and pain
  • To promote suppuration
  • To relieve congestion in internal organs

General Instructions

  • The patient and the therapist must wear protective goggles during the procedure
  • Instruct the patient not to touch the lamp, nor to move close to it during procedure
  • Advice the patient not to touch lamp
  • Warn the patient that lamp would become hot after few minutes
  • Advisable for nurse to stand or stay with patient throughout treatment
  • Patient and nurse to avoid facing lamp
  • Keep the patient’s skin clean and dry before using infrared lamp
  • It helps in the pigmentation of skin, production of vitamin D and bactericidal activity
  • The duration of treatment is usually 20 minutes

Preliminary Assessment

  • Doctors order for any specific instruction
  • General condition and diagnosis of the patient
  • Self-care ability to follow instructions
  • Type and duration of the treat
  • Articles available in the unit

Preparation of the Patient and Environment

  • Explain the procedure to the patient
  • Provide privacy if needed
  • Arrange the patient according to the treatment
  • Expose only the needed part

Equipment

  • Infrared lamp
  • Inch tape
  • Top sheet
  • Goggles

Procedure

  • Wash hands
  • Expose area to which heat is to be applied
  • Drape patient appropriately to avoid exposures
  • Put on goggles to protect patient’s eyes
  • Place lamp at a distance 45 cm to 55 cm (18 inches)
  • After 5 minutes commencement of treatment

After Care

  • Check the condition of patient’s skin for burns, redness and the discomfort
  • Position the patient comfortably on the bed
  • Replace the articles
  • Wash hands
  • Record the procedure in nurse’s record sheet
INFRARED THERAPY (HOT APPLICATION) – Purpose, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Equipment, Procedure and After Care
INFRARED THERAPY (HOT APPLICATION) – Purpose, Preliminary Assessment, Preparation of Patient and Environment, Equipment, Procedure and After Care

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