TEMPERATURE TECHNIQUES

TEMPERATURE TECHNIQUES – Principles, Equipment and Procedure (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

A clinical thermometer is a special instrument designed to measure the temperature of the body. Two thermometers – one oral and one rectal – are essential equipment which the nurse always carries in her bag. Elevation in temperature is an indication that the body is reacting to an infection

PRINCIPLES

  • Meticulous cleaning of thermometer before and after use is essential to prevent the spread of infection
  • Temperature is usually taken by mouth. Rectal temperatures are most accurate while auxillary temperatures are least accurate
  • Shake the mercury to 95 degree F before taking the temperature
  • Keep all thermometers in the shade and in the coolest part of the building
  • Accuracy in temperature helps in effective treatment and medical decision

EQUIPMENT

  • Ten small cotton swabs
  • Kidney basin to hold moist cotton swabs
  • Thermometer
  • Lubricant for rectal temperature
  • Paper bag

PROCEDURE

  • Use bag technique as per standard precautions
  • Remove the thermometer swab up to bulb and read
  • Place the thermometer at proper site
  • Rinse the thermometer thoroughly under cool running water after reading
  • Replace it in the community bag and wash hands
  • Record it in the TPR sheet
TEMPERATURE TECHNIQUES – Principles, Equipment and Procedure (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)
TEMPERATURE TECHNIQUES – Principles, Equipment and Procedure (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

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