CORD BLOOD

CORD BLOOD BANKING – TRANSFUSION, USES, BANKING, INDICATIONS, ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CORD BLOOD BANKING CORD BLOOD TRANSFUSION Cord blood is the blood obtained from placenta and in the attached umbilical cord. Sources of stem cells include bone marrow, peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood, fetal organs and artificially produced human embryos in vitro. Cord blood …

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YELLOW FEVER

YELLOW FEVER – Etiology, Distribution and Incidence, Distribution and Incidence, Transmission and Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Pathology, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Yellow fever is an acute mosquito-borne infection of varying severity characterized by the triad of hepatitis, hemorrhagic diathesis and proteinuria. Etiology The causative virus is an arbo virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, …

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X-linked Inheritance

X-linked Inheritance – Sex Chromosome Related Disorders, X-linked Recessive Inheritance and X-linked Dominant Inheritance Sex Chromosome Related Disorders In all females one of the ‘X’ chromosome derived from either parent undergoes inactivation at the early period of gestation, in a random manner governed by the laws of probability Lyon’s hypothesis (1961). Females, therefore contain a …

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WHOOPING COUGH – PERTUSSIS

WHOOPING COUGH – PERTUSSIS – Definition, Pathology, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention DEFINITION The term pertussis, which means intensive cough, is an acute respiratory infection, seen more commonly in young children. The disease is also more serious in them. The term “whooping cough” is derived from the occurrence of progressive repetitive paroxysms of cough …

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WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS – THIAMINE

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS – THIAMINE THIAMINE (VITAMIN B1 – ANEURINE) Thiamine plays an essential part in the metabolism of carbohydrates by acting as a coenzyme required for the decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A. It also takes part in other steps of the Kreb’s tricarboxylic acid cycle. Cereals contain the vitamin, which is maximal …

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UNARMED TAPEWORM

UNARMED TAPEWORM (Taeniasis saginata) (Beef Tapeworm) – General Characteristics, Life Cycle, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Taeniasis saginata is infection caused by Taenia saginata. This is the commonest among the large tapeworms found in man and is distributed worldwide. Prevalence is highest in areas where beef is a major source of meat. …

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