BABY BATH

BABY BATH – Purpose, Types of Bath, General Instructions, Equipment needed, and Articles near the Bed Side, Procedure and After Care (NURSING PROCEDURE)

Baby bath is a hygienic care given to the newborn in the hospital or community setup

PURPOSE

  • To be baby’s skin clean
  • To maintain healthy skin
  • To stimulate circulation
  • To refresh the baby
  • To detect any physical abnormalities
  • To monitor the infants growth and development

TYPES OF BATH

  • Lap bath: bathing the baby by keeping him on the lap
  • Sponge bath: bathing the child in bed
  • Oil bath: applying oil all over the baby’s body
  • Tub bath: small tub or basin is used in giving bath to a baby

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

  • The newborn’s temperature regulating mechanisms are under developed, so measures to avoid over heating mechanisms are important
  • The nurse should use right judgment in selecting the soap, and cloths
  • The ideal time of bath should be one hour after feeding the baby
  • While giving baby bath, give opportunity to the mother to participate
  • The clothing for baby should be selected according to the environmental temperature

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

A tray containing

  • Mackintosh and big towel – 1
  • Bath blanket – 1
  • Towels – 2 and small face bowel – 1
  • Soap in a dish
  • Oil in the bottle
  • Kidney tray and paper bag
  • Dresses for baby
  • Apron – 1 (rubber), cotton balls in a bowl, buds in a container
  • Bath thermometer

ARTICLES NEAR THE BED SIDE

  • Bath basin – 2
  • Buckets – 1 or 2
  • Jugs – 2

PROCEDURE

  • Wash hands thoroughly and wear apron
  • Bring the baby to the bath table
  • Undress the baby and wrap in the big towel
  • First wipe the eyes from medial to lateral side, use separate swabs for each eye
  • If the crust is seen in nostrils, use a lubricated swab to clean nose, rotate it and clean all sides
  • Clean the inside ears with rolled wisp of cotton
  • Wipe the face with warm water and dry gently, don’t use soap on the face
  • Obscene baby’s mouth for thrush, if present applies gentian violet
  • Hold the baby securely by sliding your hand until the baby’s head is well supported in your palm
  • Hold the baby’s head over the basin, wet it, apply soap, rinse it with water and dry it thoroughly
  • Discard the water and take fresh water to keep the water clean and at correct temperature
  • Unwrap the body, apply soap all over the body, giving special attention to the neck, arms, axillae, grains fingers and toes
  • The baby is held firmly and submerged gradually into the water in the tub to rinse the soap completely
  • Take the baby from the water and dry him by patting gently

AFTER CARE

  • Dress the cord stump, if any
  • Dress the baby as early as possible
  • Comb the hair
  • Give the baby to the mother for feeding
  • Replace the articles after cleaning
  • Wash hands and record the procedure
BABY BATH – Purpose, Types of Bath, General Instructions, Equipment needed, and Articles near the Bed Side, Procedure and After Care (NURSING PROCEDURE)
BABY BATH – Purpose, Types of Bath, General Instructions, Equipment needed, and Articles near the Bed Side, Procedure and After Care (NURSING PROCEDURE)

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