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Nursing ProcedureWOUND DRESSING AT HOME

WOUND DRESSING AT HOME

WOUND DRESSING AT HOME – Purpose, Principle of Wound Dressing, Advantages of Dressing, Types of Dressing, Equipment Needed and Procedure (NURSING PROCEDURE)

A surgical wound dressing is a protection with a sterile covering of gauze or other materials applied over a wound after cleaning it with all aseptic precautions

PURPOSE

  • To clean the wounded area
  • To dress the wounds to prevent infection
  • To promote wound healing

PRINCIPLES OF WOUND DRESSING

  • Everything that comes with a wound must be sterilized in the most effective way consists with facilities in the home, school and industry
  • Hand washing must be done before handling the equipment and dressing the wound
  • Boil instruments, cotton swabs, vigorously for 5 minutes
  • The chief chemical disinfectant used in the care of wound is alcohol
  • The chief purpose in caring for a wound is to prevent infection since tissues under the skin are less resistant than the skin to infection

ADVANTAGES OF DRESSING

  • To absorb drainage
  • To prevent contamination
  • To protect the wound from mechanical injuries
  • To promote homeostasis as in a pressure dressing
  • To provide mental and physical comfort of the patient

TYPES OF DRESSING

  • Dry dressing: the wound is cleaned by some antiseptics and dried and dry dressing is applied after the application of medicine to the wound
  • Wet dressing: it is used if wounds are infected and if there is lot of pus, to soften the discharge and to promote drainage
  • Pressure dressing: this is done when there is bleeding or oozing from the wound

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

  • Instruments: artery forceps, thumb forceps and scissors
  • Dressing pack: gauze pad – 1, gauze pieces – 2, cotton balls – 3
  • Large bowl with lid (autoclaved) to put all the articles to boil
  • Small bowl medications, K-basin/paper bag
  • Dressing bandage/plaster to secure the dressing
  • Spirit, betadine or any other antiseptic solutions to apply in the wound

PROCEDURE

  • Select the working area, spread the newspaper and place the community bag
  • Unbutton the lower compartment and remove hand washing articles
  • Wash the hands thoroughly and remove the articles needed for dressing and keep it in a sterile area
  • Remove the entire old dressing from the wound and use sterile saline or hydrogen peroxide for cleaning the wound
  • Clean the wounded area from center to the periphery by a cotton pieces and discard in paper bag
  • Use artery forceps for cleaning the wound with antiseptic solution
  • Apply ointment as per standing order with swab stick
  • Apply sterile dressing and fasten it with a bandage or strip of plaster
  • Secure the surgical dressing with adhesive plaster
  • Wash hands thoroughly and record it the family folder
  • Replace the articles after cleaning and boiling
  • Discard or dispose the used dressings or burn it
WOUND DRESSING AT HOME – Purpose, Principle of Wound Dressing, Advantages of Dressing, Types of Dressing, Equipment Needed and Procedure (NURSING PROCEDURE)
WOUND DRESSING AT HOME – Purpose, Principle of Wound Dressing, Advantages of Dressing, Types of Dressing, Equipment Needed and Procedure (NURSING PROCEDURE)
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