INJECTION TECHNIQUE

INJECTION TECHNIQUE – Purpose, Factors Favoring Absorption, Types, Principles, General Instructions, Equipment Needed, Procedure and Complication of Injections (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

Injections are parental therapy; it is the forcing of a fluid into a cavity, a blood vessel or body tissue through a hollow tube or needle

PURPOSES OF INJECTION

  • To get a rapid systemic effect of the drug
  • To provide the needed effect even when the patient is unconscious
  • To give nourishment, when it cannot be taken by mouth
  • To restore blood volume
  • To obtain a local effect at the sight of the injection

FACTORS FAVORING ABSORPTION

  • Blood supply to the area
  • The composition of the fluid injection
  • Application of heat
  • Massage
  • Circulation time of the blood
  • Physical conditions
  • Additions of the substances

TYPES OF INJECTIONS

  • Intradermal: drug introduced into the dermis
  • Subcutaneous: drug introduced into the subcutaneous
  • Intramuscular: drug injected into the muscles
  • Intravenous: medicine injected into a vein
  • Intraspinal: medicine introduced into the spinal cavity
  • Intraperitoneal: drug introduced into the peritoneal cavity
  • Intraosseous: drug introduced into the bone marrow
  • Infusions: large amount of drug or fluids introduced into the body
  • Transfusions: introduction of blood into a vein or artery

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN INJECTION TECHNIQUES

  • The knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the body is essential for the safe administration of the injection
  • If carelessly given, injections are means of introducing infection into the body
  • Drugs that change the chemical composition of the blood will endanger the life of the patient, if not used cautiously
  • Any unfamiliar situation produces anxiety
  • Once a drug is injected it is irretrievable. Antidote may be available for particular medications but the best anecdote is prevention
  • Organization and planning resulting in the economy of time, material, and effort

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

  • The nurse will have responsibilities for including injection on articles in the bag
  • Immunizations and other injections are given in clinic, homes, health centers and schools
  • Hypodermic injection is frequently taught in homes where a diabetic person must give his or her own injection

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

  • Hand washing articles
  • Sterile syringes in a tray or as disposable syringe with needle
  • Spirit in a plastic container
  • Cotton swab with spirit
  • Paper bag for washes/kidney tray
  • Prescribed injection in an ampoule or vial

PROCEDURE

  • Wash hands thoroughly
  • Inform the patient about her procedure
  • Follow the rule of right
  • Take out the needed articles from the bag
  • Sterile technique to be followed
  • Select the injected site depends up on the age and condition of patient
  • One person, one needle and one syringe principle to be followed
  • Cleanse the site of injection with spirit
  • Cleanse the rubber caps, and ampoule necks with spirit
  • Hold puncture side tight, insert needle withdraw piston to ascertain position of needle in relation to vein
  • Observe the person for reaction before and after giving the injection
  • Wash hands and record the medication, time, quantity and name of the injection
  • Replace the articles after cleaning

COMPLICATIONS OF INJECTIONS

  • Allergic reactions
  • Infections
  • Pyrogenic reactions
  • Accidental intravenous injection
  • Over dose or under dose of medication
  • Errors in the administration of medications
  • Serum hepatitis
INJECTION TECHNIQUE – Purpose, Factors Favoring Absorption, Types, Principles, General Instructions, Equipment Needed, Procedure and Complication of Injections (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)
INJECTION TECHNIQUE – Purpose, Factors Favoring Absorption, Types, Principles, General Instructions, Equipment Needed, Procedure and Complication of Injections (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

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