LABYRINTHITIS Leave a Comment / Medical Surgical Nursing (MSN) / By nurseinfo.in LABYRINTHITIS – Etiology, Risk Factors, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnostic Evaluations and Management Labyrinthitis is a disorder of the inner ear. The two vestibular nerves in the inner ear send information to brain about head movement. When one of these nerves becomes inflamed, it creates a condition known as labyrinthitis. ETIOLOGY Labyrinthitis can happen to people of all ages. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including: Respiratory illnesses (such as bronchitis)Viruses of the inner ear Stomach viruses Herpes viruses Bacterial infections (including bacterial middle ear infections) Infectious organisms (like the one that causes Lyme disease) RISK FACTORS Smoking Drink large quantities of alcohol Have a history of allergies Are habitually fatigued Extreme stress Over-the-counter medications SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Dizziness Nausea Loss of hearing Vertigo Loss of hearing Vertigo can interfere with driving, working and other activities Loss of balance Tinnitus Difficulty focusing eyes DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION Labyrinthitis can be diagnosed during a physical examination Hearing tests CT or MRI scan of the head to record images of cranial structures EEG (brain wave test) ENG (eye movement test) Blood test MANAGEMENT Symptoms can be relieved with medications, including: Antihistamines like clarinex or allegra, Benadryl, and Claritin Medications that can reduce dizziness and nausea, such as antivert Sedatives like diazepam Corticosteroids, to reduce the inflammation In addition to medications, there are several techniques use to relieve vertigo Avoid quick changes in position or sudden movements Sit still during a vertigo attack Get up slowly from a lying down or sitting position Avoid television, computer screens and bright or flashing lights during a vertigo attack If vertigo occurs while you are in bed, try sitting up in a chair and keeping head still. Low lighting is better than darkness or bright lights LABYRINTHITIS – Etiology, Risk Factors, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnostic Evaluations and Management Post navigation ← Previous PostNext Post → Leave a Comment Cancel Reply Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *Type here..Name* E-mail* WebsiteSave my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.