INTRANATAL CARE

INTRANATAL CARE – Aims of Good Intranatal Care, Objectives of Intranatal Care, Intranatal Examination, Intranatal Assessment, Intranatal Care and Attention, Intranatal Education and Counseling and Role of the Nurse in Intranatal Care (MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

Childbirth is a normal physiological process but complications may arise. The need for effective intranatal care is therefore indispensable, even if the delivery is going to be a normal one. The emphasis is on the cleanliness. It entails clean hands and finger nails, a clean surface for delivery, clean cutting and care of the cord and keeping the birth canal clean by avoiding harmful practices

AIMS OF GOOD INTRANATAL CARE

  • Thorough asepsis
  • Delivery with minimum injury to the infant and mother
  • Readiness to deal with complications such as prolonged labor, antepartum hemorrhage, convulsions, malpresentations prolapse of the cord, etc
  • Care of the baby at delivery – resuscitation, care of the cord, care of the eyes, etc

OBJECTIVES OF INTRANATAL CARE

  • To maintain the health and well-being of pregnant women and their off-springs during the intranatal period
  • To keep the women in labor under close observation and avoid interference with the natural process of delivery unless there is a valid reason to do so
  • To encourage and support women in labor and extend personal attention to them
  • To ensure a safe delivery; outcome in the form of healthy mothers healthy babies

INTRANATAL EXAMINATION

Examining mother is to rule out any rise in temperature and blood pressure intrauterine bleeding and maternal distress. Examining fetuses for observing heart rate, fetal movements and color of the liquor

INTRANATAL ASSESSMENT

Assessing birth weight and also the Apgar score of the new-borns on the basis of heart rate, muscle tone, respiratory effort, response to nasal stimulation and cyanosis, if any undertaking the follow-up action

INTRANATAL CARE AND ATTENTION

Provided for prevention of infection to birth canal, establishment of respiration of the newborn prevention of heat loss, care of the eyes and cutting the umbilical cord

INTRANATAL EDUCATION AND COUNSELING

Provided on the desirability of colostrums feeding bonding personal hygiene, etc

ROLE OF THE NURSE IN INTRANATAL CARE

  • The community health nurse should inspect perineum for any laceration or tear watch for bleeding
  • Clean the mother fex napkin; demonstrates the perineal care
  • Place the mother comfortably on the bed after delivery and provide some hot drink (coffee or tea)
  • Provide the instructions to family, such as watch for bleeding in the mother as well cord bleeding in baby, to give normal diet to the mother, report to the health authorities about the birth
INTRANATAL CARE – Aims of Good Intranatal Care, Objectives of Intranatal Care, Intranatal Examination, Intranatal Assessment, Intranatal Care and Attention, Intranatal Education and Counseling and Role of the Nurse in Intranatal Care (MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING)
INTRANATAL CARE – Aims of Good Intranatal Care, Objectives of Intranatal Care, Intranatal Examination, Intranatal Assessment, Intranatal Care and Attention, Intranatal Education and Counseling and Role of the Nurse in Intranatal Care (MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

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