PREPARING BLOOD SMEAR

PREPARING BLOOD SMEAR – Purposes, Equipment, Procedure and Blood Smear Preparation to Rule Out Malaria (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

Blood smear is done by a drop of blood is received on to a clean slide. This is smeared to render a thin film of blood by placing a second slide just beyond the drop of blood and slowly drawing it forward along the first

PURPOSES

  • To determine the cell count
  • To find out the presence of certain parasites, e.g. malaria parasites and filarial parasites

EQUIPMENT

A tray containing

  • Clean slide 2, sterile needle in a container
  • Methylated spirit in a bottle
  • Kidney tray or paper bag for used swabs
  • Cotton swabs in a bowl

PROCEDURE

  • Explain the steps of procedure
  • Make the patient to sit or place in a lying position
  • Wipe his finger with spirit swab
  • Press the fingertip and gently prick with a sterile needle
  • Allow a drop of blood to fall on the slide and quickly make the smear evenly by the edge of the second slide
  • Apply a little bit of cotton on the fingertip of the patient and instruct him to apply slight pressure over it
  • Send the slide with a requisition to the laboratory for examination under microscope

BLOOD SMEAR PREPARATION TO RULE OUT MALARIA

  • Cleanse fingertip with spirit swab
  • Prick the fingertip with Hagedom’s needle
  • Press finger and allow the blood to ooze
  • Discard the first drop
  • Place 3 or 4 large size drops of blood on glass slide
  • With the corner of another slide, mix all the first 3 or 4 drops of blood to form a large circular patch of the size of a “paisa” or coin
  • Thin smear done by drop of blood taken on slide and push it straight with another slide in such a way to obtain a thin smear with a tongue shaped tip
  • Place the slides to dry in air by keeping it in absolutely horizontal position
  • Place the slides in a box. Protect it from dust, flies and cockroaches
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PREPARING BLOOD SMEAR – Purposes, Equipment, Procedure and Blood Smear Preparation to Rule Out Malaria (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)
PREPARING BLOOD SMEAR – Purposes, Equipment, Procedure and Blood Smear Preparation to Rule Out Malaria (COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING)

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