PATIENT POSITIONING – SUPINE & DORSAL RECUMBENT POSITION

SUPINE/DORSAL POSITION

The patient lies on his back with his head and shoulders are slightly elevated. One pillow is given under the head. His legs should be slightly flexed. A small pillow is placed under his knees.

Indications

  • The usual position used by the patient
  • Used for examination of the chest and abdomen

Procedure

  • Place the patient on back with one pillow under the head, arms and hands at the sides, knees flexed and separated
  • Place the air ring under the hips and cotton rings or foam pads under the heels to reduce the pressure
  • Align the patient’s body in good position
  • Support the body parts in good alignment for comfort when the patient is paralyzed

Contraindications

  • Elderly patients
  • Patients with operation on abdomen, breast and thorax
  • Prone to hypostatic pneumonia
  • Patients with long standing illnesses and neurological conditions

DORSAL RECUMBENT POSITION

Patient lies on back, knees fully flexed, thighs flexed and externally rotated feet flat on the bed.

Indications

  • It is used for catheterization, vaginal douche, vulval, vaginal and rectal examination
  • It is also used for vaginal operations and insertion of tampons
  • Patients who are convalescent period
  • Patients with gastric conditions
  • Patients with chest conditions
  • Patients with abdominal or pelvic operations unless erect sitting position is indicated

Procedure

  • Place the patient on back in bed with two or more pillows under the head and one pillow under the knees or maintain his position by elevating the top of bed on blocks
  • Place the air ring under the hips and cotton rings or foam pads under the heels to reduce the pressure
  • Align the patient’s body in good position
  • Support the body parts in good alignment for comfort when the patient is paralyzed

LITHOTOMY & PRONE

LATERAL & SIM’S

KNEE-CHEST/GENUPECTORAL & TRENDELENBURG’S

FOWLER’S & C-SHAPED

ROSE & RECOVERY

PATIENT POSITIONING

PATIENT POSITIONING – Purpose, Principles, Factors Involved, Types, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment, Equipment and Procedure

PATIENT POSITIONING – SUPINE & DORSAL RECUMBENT POSITION – Purpose, Principles, Factors Involved, Types, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment, Equipment and Procedure

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