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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Renal System

MCQ on Renal System

MCQ on The Renal System

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Renal System – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

What is the primary function of the kidneys?

A) Regulation of blood pressure

B) Production of red blood cells

C) Filtration of blood and excretion of waste products

D) Regulation of body temperature

Answer: C) Filtration of blood and excretion of waste products

Which structure carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

A) Urethra

B) Ureter

C) Renal pelvis

D) Nephron

Answer: B) Ureter

Which hormone regulates water reabsorption in the kidneys?

A) Insulin

B) Glucagon

C) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

D) Aldosterone

Answer: C) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Where does filtration of blood occur within the kidney?

A) Renal tubules

B) Glomerulus

C) Renal pelvis

D) Loop of Henle

Answer: B) Glomerulus

Which part of the nephron is responsible for reabsorption of water and nutrients?

A) Bowman’s capsule

B) Glomerulus

C) Loop of Henle

D) Renal tubules

Answer: D) Renal tubules

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

A) Nephron

B) Glomerulus

C) Renal pelvis

D) Ureter

Answer: A) Nephron

Which hormone regulates blood pressure by controlling sodium and water balance?

A) Insulin

B) Glucagon

C) Aldosterone

D) Parathyroid hormone

Answer: C) Aldosterone

What is the function of the urethra in the urinary system?

A) Carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder

B) Filters waste products from the blood

C) Carries urine from the bladder out of the body

D) Regulates water and electrolyte balance

Answer: C) Carries urine from the bladder out of the body

Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidneys?

A) Regulation of blood pH

B) Regulation of blood glucose levels

C) Regulation of blood pressure

D) Production of urine

Answer: B) Regulation of blood glucose levels

Which part of the kidney filters blood and removes waste products?

A) Renal cortex

B) Renal medulla

C) Glomerulus

D) Renal pelvis

Answer: C) Glomerulus

Which of the following substances is typically reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubule?

A) Water

B) Glucose

C) Urea

D) Creatinine

Answer: B) Glucose

What is the primary function of the renal pelvis?

A) Filtration of blood

B) Reabsorption of nutrients

C) Collection and transportation of urine

D) Regulation of blood pressure

Answer: C) Collection and transportation of urine

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow?

A) Erythropoietin

B) Aldosterone

C) Parathyroid hormone

D) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Answer: A) Erythropoietin

What is the purpose of the juxtaglomerular apparatus in the kidney?

A) Regulate blood pressure and filtration rate

B) Produce hormones for fluid balance

C) Reabsorb water and electrolytes

D) Store urine before excretion

Answer: A) Regulate blood pressure and filtration rate

Which of the following hormones is NOT directly involved in kidney function?

A) Insulin

B) Aldosterone

C) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

D) Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)

Answer: A) Insulin

Which part of the nephron is responsible for the majority of water reabsorption?

A) Loop of Henle

B) Glomerulus

C) Distal convoluted tubule

D) Proximal convoluted tubule

Answer: A) Loop of Henle

Which hormone regulates calcium levels in the blood and bone?

A) Aldosterone

B) Calcitonin

C) Parathyroid hormone

D) Erythropoietin

Answer: C) Parathyroid hormone

What is the function of the renal corpuscle?

A) Filtration of blood

B) Reabsorption of water and nutrients

C) Secretion of waste products

D) Regulation of blood pressure

Answer: A) Filtration of blood

Which of the following is a symptom of kidney failure?

A) Hypertension

B) Hyperglycemia

C) Proteinuria

D) Hyperthyroidism

Answer: C) Proteinuria

Which part of the nephron is responsible for secretion of ions, drugs, and toxins?

A) Proximal convoluted tubule

B) Distal convoluted tubule

C) Loop of Henle

D) Collecting duct

Answer: B) Distal convoluted tubule

Which of the following is NOT a function of the collecting duct?

A) Reabsorption of water

B) Reabsorption of sodium ions

C) Regulation of urine concentration

D) Secretion of waste products

Answer: D) Secretion of waste products

Which hormone is released by the kidneys to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction?

A) Aldosterone

B) Renin

C) Angiotensin II

D) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Answer: C) Angiotensin II

Which part of the nephron is responsible for maintaining the osmotic balance of the blood?

A) Loop of Henle

B) Glomerulus

C) Proximal convoluted tubule

D) Distal convoluted tubule

Answer: A) Loop of Henle

Which hormone promotes water reabsorption in the kidneys by increasing the permeability of the collecting ducts?

A) Aldosterone

B) Renin

C) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

D) Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)

Answer: C) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

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