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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Pulmonary Ventilation

MCQ on Pulmonary Ventilation

Pulmonary  Ventilation MCQ Questions with Answers

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Pulmonary Ventilation Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

What is pulmonary ventilation?

a) Exchange of gases between blood and tissues

b) Movement of air in and out of the lungs

c) Oxygen transport in the bloodstream

d) Carbon dioxide diffusion in alveoli

Answer: b) Movement of air in and out of the lungs

Which muscle is primarily responsible for inspiration at rest?

a) Diaphragm

b) Intercostal muscles

c) Sternocleidomastoid

d) Rectus abdominis

Answer: a) Diaphragm

During inspiration, the diaphragm:

a) Contracts and moves upwards

b) Relaxes and moves downwards

c) Contracts and moves downwards

d) Relaxes and moves upwards

Answer: c) Contracts and moves downwards

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What is the role of surfactant in pulmonary ventilation?

a) Increases surface tension in the alveoli

b) Decreases surface tension in the alveoli

c) Enhances gas exchange efficiency

d) Prevents airway collapse

Answer: b) Decreases surface tension in the alveoli

Which of the following structures is not part of the conducting zone of the respiratory system?

a) Bronchioles

b) Alveoli

c) Trachea

d) Bronchi

Answer: b) Alveoli

The volume of air inspired or expired during normal breathing is called:

a) Inspiratory reserve volume

b) Tidal volume

c) Expiratory reserve volume

d) Residual volume

Answer: b) Tidal volume

Which respiratory parameter is calculated by multiplying tidal volume by respiratory rate?

a) Inspiratory capacity

b) Minute ventilation

c) Functional residual capacity

d) Vital capacity

Answer: b) Minute ventilation

What is the function of the epiglottis during swallowing?

a) It closes off the trachea to prevent food from entering.

b) It contracts to push food downward into the esophagus.

c) It opens the trachea to allow air to enter the lungs.

d) It contracts to increase air pressure in the lungs.

Answer: a) It closes off the trachea to prevent food from entering.

Which of the following factors does not affect pulmonary ventilation?

a) Respiratory rate

b) Blood pH

c) Surface tension of alveolar fluid

d) Atmospheric pressure

Answer: d) Atmospheric pressure

The exchange of gases between the alveoli and the blood occurs by:

a) Osmosis

b) Active transport

c) Diffusion

d) Filtration

Answer: c) Diffusion

Which of the following statements about the respiratory membrane is correct?

a) It is a thick structure, allowing rapid gas exchange.

b) It consists of a single layer of cells.

c) It is impermeable to gases.

d) It primarily contains smooth muscle cells.

Answer: b) It consists of a single layer of cells.

The partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) in the alveoli is approximately:

a) 40 mmHg

b) 80 mmHg

c) 100 mmHg

d) 160 mmHg

Answer: c) 100 mmHg

What is the main function of the pleural fluid?

a) Facilitates gas exchange

b) Reduces friction between pleural layers during breathing

c) Maintains the shape of the thoracic cavity

d) Enhances surfactant production

Answer: b) Reduces friction between pleural layers during breathing

Which of the following conditions would result in decreased pulmonary ventilation?

a) Hyperventilation

b) Emphysema

c) Pulmonary fibrosis

d) Asthma attack

Answer: b) Emphysema

Which chemical factor directly stimulates an increase in ventilation during exercise?

a) Increased carbon dioxide levels

b) Decreased carbon dioxide levels

c) Increased oxygen levels

d) Decreased oxygen levels

Answer: a) Increased carbon dioxide levels

What is the term for the amount of air that remains in the lungs after a forced expiration?

a) Tidal volume

b) Residual volume

c) Expiratory reserve volume

d) Inspiratory reserve volume

Answer: b) Residual volume

Which of the following statements regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is true?

a) It is characterized by increased compliance of lung tissue.

b) It primarily affects the airways, causing bronchoconstriction.

c) It is commonly caused by long-term exposure to air pollutants.

d) It results in increased expiratory reserve volume.

Answer: c) It is commonly caused by long-term exposure to air pollutants.

Which respiratory disorder is characterized by episodes of reversible airflow obstruction?

a) Pneumonia

b) Tuberculosis

c) Bronchitis

d) Asthma

Answer: d) Asthma

In which condition would you expect to find decreased lung compliance?

a) Pulmonary fibrosis

b) Emphysema

c) Asthma

d) Chronic bronchitis

Answer: a) Pulmonary fibrosis

What is the primary stimulus for breathing in a healthy individual?

a) Decreased oxygen levels

b) Increased carbon dioxide levels

c) Decreased pH levels

d) Increased pH levels

Answer: b) Increased carbon dioxide levels

The Hering-Breuer reflex is responsible for:

a) Initiating inspiration

b) Regulating respiratory rate during exercise

c) Preventing overinflation of the lungs

d) Stimulating the cough reflex

Answer: c) Preventing overinflation of the lungs

Which respiratory center in the brain is responsible for establishing the basic rhythm of breathing?

a) Medulla oblongata

b) Pons

c) Hypothalamus

d) Thalamus

Answer: a) Medulla oblongata

Which of the following statements regarding the Bohr effect is true?

a) It describes the relationship between blood pH and hemoglobin saturation.

b) It enhances oxygen release from hemoglobin in tissues with high carbon dioxide levels.

c) It decreases the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen in the lungs.

d) It is more pronounced at low temperatures.

Answer: b) It enhances oxygen release from hemoglobin in tissues with high carbon dioxide levels.

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