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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ ON CARTILAGE

MCQ ON CARTILAGE

MCQ ON CARTILAGE

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on Cartilage MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation

These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

Which type of cartilage is found in the external ear and epiglottis?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: C) Elastic cartilage

Which type of cartilage is most abundant in the human body?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: A) Hyaline cartilage

Where is fibrocartilage predominantly found in the body?

A) Between the vertebrae in the spinal column

B) In the external ear

C) In the nose

D) In the trachea

Answer: A) Between the vertebrae in the spinal column

Which type of cartilage covers the articulating surfaces of bones in synovial joints?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: D) Articular cartilage

What is the primary function of cartilage in the skeletal system?

A) To provide flexibility and support to the body

B) To store minerals such as calcium and phosphorus

C) To produce red blood cells

D) To facilitate nerve impulse transmission

Answer: A) To provide flexibility and support to the body

Which of the following cells are responsible for producing cartilage matrix?

A) Osteocytes

B) Chondroblasts

C) Osteoclasts

D) Fibroblasts

Answer: B) Chondroblasts

Which type of cartilage is present in the intervertebral discs?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: B) Fibrocartilage

Which hormone stimulates the growth of cartilage during childhood?

A) Estrogen

B) Testosterone

C) Growth hormone

D) Thyroid hormone

Answer: C) Growth hormone

Which of the following is NOT a function of cartilage?

A) Providing support and structure

B) Facilitating movement at joints

C) Storing fat for energy

D) Assisting in bone growth and development

Answer: C) Storing fat for energy

Which type of cartilage forms the embryonic skeleton in the developing fetus?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: A) Hyaline cartilage

Which enzyme is responsible for maintaining the integrity of cartilage by preventing its degradation?

A) Collagenase

B) Elastase

C) Chondroitinase

D) Matrix metalloproteinase

Answer: D) Matrix metalloproteinase

Which vitamin is essential for the synthesis of collagen, an important component of cartilage?

A) Vitamin A

B) Vitamin B12

C) Vitamin C

D) Vitamin D

Answer: C) Vitamin C

Which of the following statements about cartilage is true?

A) Cartilage contains blood vessels for nutrient supply.

B) Cartilage can undergo rapid regeneration.

C) Cartilage is primarily composed of cells called osteocytes.

D) Cartilage has a high density of nerve fibers.

Answer: A) Cartilage contains blood vessels for nutrient supply.

Which type of cartilage is involved in the formation of the growth plates in long bones?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: A) Hyaline cartilage

Which of the following is a condition characterized by the degradation of cartilage in joints?

A) Osteoporosis

B) Osteomalacia

C) Osteoarthritis

D) Rheumatoid arthritis

Answer: C) Osteoarthritis

What is the primary component of the extracellular matrix in cartilage?

A) Collagen

B) Elastin

C) Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)

D) Keratin

Answer: A) Collagen

Which of the following is a characteristic feature of hyaline cartilage?

A) Presence of abundant elastic fibers

B) Blue staining with H&E staining

C) High tensile strength

D) Presence of fibroblasts in lacunae

Answer: B) Blue staining with H&E staining

What type of cartilage is found in the trachea and larynx?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: A) Hyaline cartilage

Which of the following is a function of chondrocytes?

A) Secreting collagen fibers

B) Maintaining cartilage matrix

C) Phagocytosing debris in cartilage

D) Producing blood cells

Answer: B) Maintaining cartilage matrix

Which type of cartilage provides support to the external ear?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: C) Elastic cartilage

Which of the following is true regarding the avascular nature of cartilage?

A) Cartilage contains abundant blood vessels.

B) Nutrients in cartilage diffuse through the extracellular matrix.

C) Cartilage receives direct blood supply from nearby bones.

D) Cartilage relies on lymphatic vessels for nutrient transport.

Answer: B) Nutrients in cartilage diffuse through the extracellular matrix.

Which type of cartilage is found in the pubic symphysis and the intervertebral discs?

A) Hyaline cartilage

B) Fibrocartilage

C) Elastic cartilage

D) Articular cartilage

Answer: B) Fibrocartilage

Which hormone is responsible for promoting bone growth and indirectly stimulating cartilage growth in children?

A) Estrogen

B) Testosterone

C) Growth hormone

D) Thyroid hormone

Answer: C) Growth hormone

Which of the following structures are present in lacunae within cartilage?

A) Osteocytes

B) Chondrocytes

C) Fibroblasts

D) Adipocytes

Answer: B) Chondrocytes

What is the term for the process of cartilage turning into bone during skeletal development?

A) Ossification

B) Calcification

C) Mineralization

D) Chondrogenesis

Answer: A) Ossification

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