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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Blood Groups: Types

MCQ on Blood Groups: Types

MCQ on Blood Groups: Types

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Blood Groups: Types Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

Blood is a vital bodily fluid that circulates throughout the human body, delivering essential substances such as oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues while removing waste products. It plays numerous critical roles in maintaining homeostasis and overall health.

What are the major blood group systems used in human blood typing?

a) ABO system and Rh system

b) ABO system and MN system

c) Rh system and Lewis system

d) MNSs system and Kell system

Answer: a) ABO system and Rh system

Which antigens are present on the surface of type A red blood cells according to the ABO blood group system?

a) A antigen

b) B antigen

c) Both A and B antigens

d) Neither A nor B antigens

Answer: a) A antigen

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Which of the following blood types can receive blood from any blood type in the ABO system?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: c) Type AB

Which blood type is considered the universal donor in the ABO system?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: d) Type O

Which blood type is considered the universal recipient in the ABO system?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: c) Type AB

In the Rh blood group system, which antigen is considered the Rh factor?

a) A antigen

b) B antigen

c) D antigen

d) E antigen

Answer: c) D antigen

If a person is Rh-positive, what antigen is present on their red blood cells?

a) D antigen

b) A antigen

c) B antigen

d) Both A and B antigens

Answer: a) D antigen

What is the significance of the Rh factor in blood transfusions?

a) It determines the presence of antibodies in the plasma.

b) It determines the compatibility of blood types.

c) It regulates blood pressure.

d) It affects blood viscosity.

Answer: b) It determines the compatibility of blood types.

What blood type is compatible with someone who is Rh-negative?

a) Only Rh-negative blood

b) Only Rh-positive blood

c) Both Rh-negative and Rh-positive blood

d) Blood type AB only

Answer: a) Only Rh-negative blood

Which of the following antibodies is naturally present in the plasma of individuals with blood type A?

a) Anti-A antibodies

b) Anti-B antibodies

c) Anti-Rh antibodies

d) No antibodies

Answer: b) Anti-B antibodies

If a person has blood type AB, which antibodies are present in their plasma?

a) Anti-A antibodies only

b) Anti-B antibodies only

c) Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies

d) No antibodies

Answer: d) No antibodies

Which blood type(s) can donate to someone with blood type A?

a) Blood type A only

b) Blood types A and AB

c) Blood types A and O

d) Blood types B and O

Answer: c) Blood types A and O

If a person has blood type O, which antigens are present on their red blood cells?

a) A antigen only

b) B antigen only

c) Both A and B antigens

d) Neither A nor B antigens

Answer: d) Neither A nor B antigens

What is the most common blood type in the ABO blood group system among the general population?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: d) Type O

In which blood group system are the antigens and antibodies not naturally present at birth but develop after exposure to certain foods or bacteria?

a) ABO system

b) Rh system

c) MNSs system

d) Lewis system

Answer: d) Lewis system

What blood type is considered the “universal donor” in the Rh blood group system?

a) Rh-positive

b) Rh-negative

c) Both Rh-positive and Rh-negative

d) Neither Rh-positive nor Rh-negative

Answer: b) Rh-negative

What is the rarest blood type among the ABO blood groups?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: c) Type AB

In which blood group system are antigens also present in other body tissues besides red blood cells?

a) ABO system

b) Rh system

c) MN system

d) Lewis system

Answer: d) Lewis system

What is the Rh status of a person who lacks the D antigen on their red blood cells?

a) Rh-positive

b) Rh-negative

c) Rh-null

d) Rh-indeterminate

Answer: b) Rh-negative

Which blood type is known as the “universal recipient” in the ABO blood group system?

a) Type A

b) Type B

c) Type AB

d) Type O

Answer: c) Type AB

In the ABO blood group system, which blood type(s) can receive blood from a person with blood type O?

a) Only blood type A

b) Only blood type B

c) Both blood types A and B

d) Blood type AB only

Answer: c) Both blood types A and B

Which blood group system is primarily involved in compatibility testing for organ transplantation?

a) ABO system

b) Rh system

c) Kell system

d) Duffy system

Answer: a) ABO system

What is the term for an individual who lacks both A and B antigens on their red blood cells in the ABO blood group system?

a) Group A

b) Group B

c) Group AB

d) Group O

Answer: d) Group O

In the ABO blood group system, which blood type(s) can donate blood to a person with blood type AB?

a) Only blood type A

b) Only blood type B

c) Only blood type O

d) Blood types A, B, and O

Answer: d) Blood types A, B, and O

What is the term for an individual who lacks both Rh antigens (D antigen) and ABO antigens on their red blood cells?

a) Group A

b) Group B

c) Group AB

d) Group O

Answer: d) Group O

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Here are some key components and functions of blood:

  1. Red Blood Cells (RBCs): Also known as erythrocytes, these cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that binds to oxygen in the lungs and carries it to tissues throughout the body. RBCs give blood its characteristic red color.
  2. White Blood Cells (WBCs): White blood cells, or leukocytes, are part of the body’s immune system and play a crucial role in defending against infections and foreign invaders. They can be further classified into different types, including neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
  3. Platelets: Platelets, also called thrombocytes, are small cell fragments involved in blood clotting (hemostasis). They help form blood clots to stop bleeding when blood vessels are injured.
  4. Plasma: Plasma is the liquid component of blood, composed mainly of water, electrolytes, proteins (such as albumin, globulins, and fibrinogen), hormones, and waste products. It serves as a medium for transporting blood cells, nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body.
  5. Hemostasis: As mentioned earlier, hemostasis refers to the process of blood clotting to prevent bleeding and maintain vascular integrity after injury. It involves platelet activation and the coagulation cascade.
  6. Transportation: Blood carries oxygen from the lungs to cells and tissues and transports carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular metabolism, back to the lungs for exhalation. It also transports nutrients absorbed from the digestive system to cells throughout the body and carries waste products to organs for elimination.
  7. Immune Response: White blood cells in the blood help identify and neutralize pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, helping to protect the body against infections and diseases.
  8. Regulation of Body Temperature: Blood helps regulate body temperature by absorbing and distributing heat generated by metabolic processes throughout the body.

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