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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Anatomical Terms

MCQ on Anatomical Terms

Frequently Asked MCQ ON ANATOMICAL TERMS (Terms, Planes and Movements) – ANATOMY

MCQ FOR COMPETITIVE EXAM PREPARATION

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Which term refers to the front of the body?

A) Dorsal

B) Ventral

C) Superior

D) Inferior

Answer: B) Ventral

The anatomical term “proximal” refers to:

A) Closer to the midline of the body

B) Farther from the point of attachment or origin

C) Closer to the surface of the body

D) Farther from the surface of the body

Answer: A) Closer to the midline of the body

Which plane divides the body into right and left halves?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Frontal plane

Answer: A) Sagittal plane

The anatomical term “inferior” refers to:

A) Toward the head

B) Away from the midline

C) Away from the surface of the body

D) Below or toward the feet

Answer: D) Below or toward the feet

Which term refers to the back of the body?

A) Ventral

B) Anterior

C) Posterior

D) Dorsal

Answer: C) Posterior

The term “ipsilateral” refers to structures:

A) On opposite sides of the body

B) On the same side of the body

C) That are symmetrical

D) Located in the midline of the body

Answer: B) On the same side of the body

Which structure is commonly known as the “windpipe”?

A) Esophagus

B) Trachea

C) Bronchus

D) Larynx

Answer: B) Trachea

The term “plantar” refers to:

A) The sole of the foot

B) The top of the foot

C) The back of the hand

D) The front of the hand

Answer: A) The sole of the foot

The anatomical term “superficial” means:

A) Close to the surface of the body

B) Farther from the surface of the body

C) Closer to the midline of the body

D) Away from the point of attachment

Answer: A) Close to the surface of the body

MCQ on Anatomical Terms - Frequently Asked MCQ ON ANATOMICAL TERMS (Terms, Planes and Movements) - ANATOMY

Which plane divides the body into upper and lower halves?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Frontal plane

Answer: C) Transverse plane

Which plane divides the body into right and left halves?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Frontal plane

Answer: A) Sagittal plane

The transverse plane divides the body into:

A) Superior and inferior portions

B) Anterior and posterior portions

C) Right and left halves

D) Medial and lateral portions

Answer: A) Superior and inferior portions

The coronal plane is also known as the:

A) Transverse plane

B) Frontal plane

C) Sagittal plane

D) Horizontal plane

Answer: B) Frontal plane

Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Diagonal plane

Answer: B) Coronal plane

The midsagittal plane:

A) Divides the body into unequal right and left halves

B) Divides the body into upper and lower halves

C) Passes through the midline of the body, creating equal right and left halves

D) Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

Answer: C) Passes through the midline of the body, creating equal right and left halves

Which plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Frontal plane

Answer: C) Transverse plane

The horizontal plane is synonymous with the:

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Frontal plane

Answer: C) Transverse plane

In a transverse section of the body, structures closer to the head are located in the:

A) Superior portion

B) Inferior portion

C) Anterior portion

D) Posterior portion

Answer: A) Superior portion

Which plane is perpendicular to the ground when a person is standing in the anatomical position?

A) Sagittal plane

B) Coronal plane

C) Transverse plane

D) Oblique plane

Answer: B) Coronal plane

The term “oblique plane” refers to a plane that:

A) Divides the body into superior and inferior portions

B) Divides the body into right and left halves

C) Passes through the body at an angle

D) Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

Answer: C) Passes through the body at an angle

Which of the following is an example of flexion?

A) Bending the knee to bring the foot closer to the buttocks

B) Spreading the fingers apart

C) Moving the arm away from the body

D) Rotating the head from side to side

Answer: A) Bending the knee to bring the foot closer to the buttocks

Abduction is best described as:

A) Moving a body part toward the midline of the body

B) Straightening a joint to increase the angle between two bones or body parts

C) Moving a body part away from the midline of the body

D) Rotating a body part around its own axis

Answer: C) Moving a body part away from the midline of the body

Rotation refers to:

A) Moving a body part in a circular motion

B) Turning a body part around its own axis

C) Bending a joint to decrease the angle between two bones or body parts

D) Moving a body part away from the midline of the body

Answer: B) Turning a body part around its own axis

Which movement occurs when you lift a cup of coffee to your lips?

A) Extension

B) Flexion

C) Adduction

D) Pronation

Answer: B) Flexion

Supination is best described as:

A) Turning the palm of the hand downward or backward

B) Turning the sole of the foot inward

C) Turning the palm of the hand upward or forward

D) Bending the foot downward at the ankle

Answer: C) Turning the palm of the hand upward or forward

Moving your head to look up at the sky involves which movement?

A) Flexion

B) Extension

C) Abduction

D) Adduction

Answer: B) Extension

When you bring your knees together after spreading them apart, you are performing:

A) Abduction

B) Adduction

C) Flexion

D) Extension

Answer: B) Adduction

Turning your head from side to side involves which movement?

A) Flexion

B) Extension

C) Rotation

D) Abduction

Answer: C) Rotation

Which movement occurs when you move your hand from a palm-up position to a palm-down position?

A) Pronation

B) Supination

C) Eversion

D) Inversion

Answer: A) Pronation

Moving your arm straight out to the side, away from your body, is an example of:

A) Adduction

B) Abduction

C) Flexion

D) Extension

Answer: B) Abduction

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