INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES

INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (CHILD HEALTH NURSING) – Introduction, ICDS Package Services, Impact of ICDS program (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

INTRODUCTION

  • Integrated child development services (ICDS) was initiated by Government of India, in the Ministry of Social and Women’s Welfare in 1975
  • The rural and urban project has a population of 100,000 and a tribal project about 35,000
  • Anganwadi actively cooperating in implementing this scheme
  • ICDS scheme, does not include school-going children
  • Currently, 5320 Child Development Schemes are running

ICDS PACKAGE SERVICES

Objectives

  • To improve the physical, mental and social development of preschool children
  • To improve the capacity of mother to look after the health and nutritional status of their children
  • To reduce the maternal, the infant and the preschool child morbidity and mortality

Administration Setup

  • State level: ICDS under the charges of ICDS program officer, who reports to the director, women and child welfare
  • District level: district program officer under the district women and child welfare officer
  • Rural block: child development projects officer manager about 100 village with a population of 1 lakh
  • Village level: anganwadi worker and male helper manager 1000 population
  • Tribal areas: anganwadi work manager every 100 population

ICDS Function

  • Supplementary nutrition: it is given to children below 6 years and nursing and expected mother from low-income groups. The aim to supplement nutritional intake in about 200 cal and 8-10 grams of protein for children between 1 year, about 300 cal and 15 grams of protein for children between 1-6 years about 500 cal and 25 grams of protein for pregnant women and nursing mothers
  • Immunizations: the anganwadi worker with the health worker female serving her area to give immunizations, and is recorded on the immunization and the road to health cards
  • Non-formal education: the children between 3 and 6 years are imparted pre-elementary education without formal hours of teaching. The teaching mixed up with play. The importance of non-formal education lies in the fact that it prepares the preschool children for schooling
  • Treatment and referral: with the help of the village health guide the anganwadi worker gets the needy children treated for minor condition like diarrhea, fever and acute respiratory tract infections, etc
  • Growth monitoring: the anganwadi worker checks the weight of the preschoolers every month and records it in the road to health card

IMPACT OF ICDS PROGRAM

  • Improvements in nutritional status of children
  • Improved immunization coverage
  • Decrease in infant mortality rate
  • Decrease in prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children
  • Improvement in school enrolment and reduction in school dropout rate
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (CHILD HEALTH NURSING) – Introduction, ICDS Package Services, Impact of ICDS program (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (CHILD HEALTH NURSING) – Introduction, ICDS Package Services, Impact of ICDS program (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

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