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MCQ ON CSF

MCQ ON CSF

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the CSF Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

CSF stands for Cerebrospinal Fluid. It is a clear, colorless fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, providing cushioning and mechanical support, as well as maintaining a stable environment for the central nervous system (CNS). Here are some key points about cerebrospinal fluid:

  1. Production: CSF is produced primarily by specialized cells in the choroid plexus, which are located within the brain’s ventricles. It is continuously produced at a rate of about 500 mL per day.
  2. Composition: CSF is composed mainly of water, electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, and chloride), glucose, and small amounts of protein. It also contains various other substances that contribute to its physiological functions.
  3. Circulation: CSF circulates within the ventricular system of the brain and the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It flows from the ventricles through interconnected channels and exits into the subarachnoid space, where it is eventually absorbed into the bloodstream.
  4. Functions:
    • Protection: CSF acts as a cushion, absorbing shocks and providing mechanical protection to the brain and spinal cord. It helps prevent damage from sudden movements or impacts.
    • Buoyancy: The buoyant nature of CSF helps reduce the effective weight of the brain, allowing it to float within the skull and minimizing pressure on delicate structures.
    • Exchange of Substances: CSF facilitates the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the blood and the CNS. It helps remove metabolic waste products from the brain and delivers essential nutrients and oxygen.
    • Homeostasis: CSF helps maintain a stable chemical environment around the brain and spinal cord, regulating ion concentrations and pH levels.
  5. Clinical Significance: Analysis of CSF can provide valuable diagnostic information in various neurological conditions. It is commonly obtained through a procedure called a lumbar puncture (or spinal tap), where a needle is inserted into the lower spine to collect a sample of CSF for analysis. Changes in CSF composition or pressure may indicate underlying diseases or conditions affecting the CNS, such as infections, hemorrhage, inflammation, or tumors.

What is the primary function of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the central nervous system?

A) Nutrient transport

B) Protection against mechanical trauma

C) Regulation of brain temperature

D) All of the above

Answer: D) All of the above

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Which structure in the brain is responsible for the production of cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Choroid plexus

B) Pineal gland

C) Hypothalamus

D) Cerebellum

Answer: A) Choroid plexus

What is the approximate volume of cerebrospinal fluid found in the human brain and spinal cord?

A) 50-75 mL

B) 100-150 mL

C) 200-300 mL

D) 400-500 mL

Answer: B) 100-150 mL

Which of the following is NOT a function of cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Mechanical protection

B) Exchange of gases

C) Chemical stability

D) Buoyancy

Answer: B) Exchange of gases

Cerebrospinal fluid is primarily produced in which ventricular system of the brain?

A) Lateral ventricles

B) Third ventricle

C) Fourth ventricle

D) All of the above

Answer: D) All of the above

What is the composition of cerebrospinal fluid primarily composed of?

A) Water and glucose

B) Proteins and lipids

C) Electrolytes and hormones

D) Water and electrolytes

Answer: D) Water and electrolytes

Where is cerebrospinal fluid reabsorbed back into the bloodstream?

A) Arachnoid granulations

B) Dura mater

C) Pia mater

D) Subarachnoid space

Answer: A) Arachnoid granulations

What is the function of the blood-brain barrier regarding cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Prevents the formation of CSF

B) Regulates the flow of substances between blood and CSF

C) Maintains the pH of CSF

D) Produces CSF

Answer: B) Regulates the flow of substances between blood and CSF

Which of the following conditions is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain?

A) Hydrocephalus

B) Meningitis

C) Encephalitis

D) Cerebral edema

Answer: A) Hydrocephalus

Which imaging technique is commonly used to visualize the flow and distribution of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain?

A) X-ray

B) MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

C) PET scan (Positron Emission Tomography)

D) CT scan (Computed Tomography)

Answer: B) MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

What is the average rate of cerebrospinal fluid production in the adult human brain?

A) 50-100 mL/day

B) 150-200 mL/day

C) 250-300 mL/day

D) 350-400 mL/day

Answer: A) 50-100 mL/day

Which of the following conditions can result from a blockage in the flow or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Meningitis

B) Multiple sclerosis

C) Intracranial hemorrhage

D) Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Answer: D) Normal pressure hydrocephalus

What is the function of the ependymal cells in the production of cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Act as barriers to the flow of CSF

B) Produce CSF through active secretion

C) Aid in the reabsorption of CSF

D) Provide structural support to the ventricles

Answer: B) Produce CSF through active secretion

Which of the following statements about the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid is true?

A) CSF flows from the fourth ventricle to the lateral ventricles.

B) CSF is primarily absorbed into the spinal cord.

C) CSF is produced by the arachnoid granulations.

D) CSF circulates through the subdural space.

Answer: A) CSF flows from the fourth ventricle to the lateral ventricles.

What is the primary mechanism responsible for the movement of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain ventricles?

A) Active transport by ependymal cells

B) Hydrostatic pressure gradients

C) Capillary filtration

D) Diffusion through cell membranes

Answer: B) Hydrostatic pressure gradients

What is the primary route of drainage for cerebrospinal fluid from the subarachnoid space?

A) Arachnoid granulations

B) Spinal nerve roots

C) Dural sinuses

D) Cerebral aqueduct

Answer: A) Arachnoid granulations

Which of the following substances is found in lower concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid compared to blood plasma?

A) Glucose

B) Protein

C) Sodium

D) Potassium

Answer: B) Protein

What is the term for the condition characterized by an excess of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain?

A) Meningitis

B) Encephalitis

C) Hydrocephalus

D) Cerebral edema

Answer: C) Hydrocephalus

Which of the following structures acts as a physical barrier between the cerebrospinal fluid and the bloodstream?

A) Blood-brain barrier

B) Choroid plexus

C) Arachnoid membrane

D) Dura mater

Answer: A) Blood-brain barrier

What is the primary method used to collect cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes?

A) Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)

B) Venipuncture

C) Biopsy

D) Urinalysis

Answer: A) Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)

Which of the following conditions may lead to increased intracranial pressure due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid?

A) Meningitis

B) Normal pressure hydrocephalus

C) Subarachnoid hemorrhage

D) Cerebral edema

Answer: B) Normal pressure hydrocephalus

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