CHILD SURVIVAL AND SAFE MOTHERHOOD PROGRAM

CHILD SURVIVAL AND SAFE MOTHERHOOD PROGRAM (CSSM) (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

INTRODUCTION

  • CSSM program launched on 20th August 1992
  • CSSM program is directed at achieving 9 of the 17 goals of National Health Policy (1983) which are related to maternal and child health

OBJECTIVES OF CSSM

  • Giving strength to universal immunization program
  • Giving continual ORT to children below 5 years of age against respiratory infections
  • Protect children below 3 years of age against blindness caused by deficiency of vitamin A
  • Providing iron and folic acid tablets to pregnant mothers, lactating mothers and children below 5 years of age to protect them against malnutritional anemia
  • To bring improvement in the care of infants and mothers at community level

ACTIVITIES OF CSSM

Children

  • Essential newborn care
  • Immunization
  • Appropriate management of diarrhea
  • Appropriate management for acute respiratory infections
  • Vitamin “A” prophylaxis

Mother

  • Immunization
  • Prevention and treatment of anemia
  • Antenatal care and early identification of maternal complications
  • Deliveries by trained personnel
  • Promotional of institutional deliveries
  • Management of obstetric emergencies
  • Birth spacing

GOALS OF CSSM

  • To decrease IMR, MMR and under five mortality rate
  • Polio eradication by 2000 AD
  • Neonatal tetanus elimination by 1995
  • Measles prevention
  • Diarrhea – prevention of 70% deaths and 25% cases by 2000 AD
  • Acute respiratory infections (ARI), prevention of 40% deaths by 2000 AD

COMPONENTS OF CSSM – 3E’S

  • Essential maternal care
  • Early identification of complications
  • Emergency obstetric care

STRATEGIES OF CSSM

  • To improve maternal care and promote birth spacing
  • To train medical and other health personnel in essential newborn care
  • To use of low cost effective and locally available equipment for newborn
  • To provide basic facilities for care for low birth weight and sick newborns in first referral units and district hospitals
  • Create awareness about essential newborn care among healthcare providers, pregnant women and mother of the newborns
CHILD SURVIVAL AND SAFE MOTHERHOOD PROGRAM (CSSM) (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)
CHILD SURVIVAL AND SAFE MOTHERHOOD PROGRAM (CSSM) (CHILD HEALTH NURSING)

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