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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ ON MENSTRUAL CYCLE

MCQ ON MENSTRUAL CYCLE

MCQ ON MENSTRUAL CYCLE

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Menstrual Cycle Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

The menstrual cycle is a natural process that occurs in the female reproductive system, typically lasting around 28 days on average, although it can vary from woman to woman and cycle to cycle. It involves a series of hormonal and physiological changes that prepare the body for pregnancy. Here are the key phases of the menstrual cycle:

  1. Menstruation (Days 1-5): The cycle begins with menstruation, which is the shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium) that occurs when an egg released during the previous cycle was not fertilized. Menstruation typically lasts around 3 to 7 days.
  2. Follicular Phase (Days 1-13): During this phase, the pituitary gland in the brain releases follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which stimulates the ovaries to produce several follicles, each containing an egg. These follicles start to mature, but usually, only one becomes dominant.
  3. Ovulation (Around Day 14): Ovulation is the release of a mature egg from the dominant follicle in the ovary. This usually occurs around the middle of the menstrual cycle, approximately 14 days before the start of the next menstrual period. Ovulation is triggered by a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH), which causes the follicle to rupture and release the egg into the fallopian tube, where it can potentially be fertilized by sperm.
  4. Luteal Phase (Days 15-28): After ovulation, the empty follicle transforms into a structure called the corpus luteum, which secretes progesterone and some estrogen. These hormones help prepare the uterine lining for potential implantation of a fertilized egg. If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum breaks down, leading to a decline in hormone levels, and the menstrual cycle begins again with menstruation.

What is the average length of the menstrual cycle in most women?

A) 14 days

B) 21 days

C) 28 days

D) 35 days

Answer: C) 28 days

What is the first phase of the menstrual cycle called?

A) Menstruation

B) Follicular phase

C) Ovulation

D) Luteal phase

Answer: B) Follicular phase

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Which hormone is primarily responsible for stimulating the development of follicles in the ovary?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

What is the term for the release of an egg from the ovary?

A) Fertilization

B) Ovulation

C) Menstruation

D) Implantation

Answer: B) Ovulation

During which phase of the menstrual cycle does ovulation typically occur?

A) Follicular phase

B) Luteal phase

C) Menstrual phase

D) Proliferative phase

Answer: A) Follicular phase

Which hormone surge triggers ovulation?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

What is the name of the structure that forms from the collapsed follicle after ovulation?

A) Corpus luteum

B) Corpus albicans

C) Corpus callosum

D) Corpus cavernosum

Answer: A) Corpus luteum

During which phase of the menstrual cycle does the endometrium thicken in preparation for implantation?

A) Follicular phase

B) Luteal phase

C) Menstrual phase

D) Proliferative phase

Answer: D) Proliferative phase

Which hormone is primarily responsible for maintaining the thickened endometrium after ovulation?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: B) Progesterone

What happens to the corpus luteum if fertilization does not occur?

A) It becomes the corpus albicans.

B) It continues to produce estrogen and progesterone.

C) It degenerates and stops hormone production.

D) It transforms into the corpus callosum.

Answer: C) It degenerates and stops hormone production.

Which phase of the menstrual cycle is characterized by the shedding of the endometrial lining?

A) Follicular phase

B) Luteal phase

C) Menstrual phase

D) Proliferative phase

Answer: C) Menstrual phase

What is the average duration of menstruation?

A) 1-2 days

B) 3-5 days

C) 7-10 days

D) 14-21 days

Answer: B) 3-5 days

Which hormone triggers the shedding of the endometrial lining during menstruation?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: B) Progesterone

What is the term for the cessation of menstruation, typically occurring in women around the age of 50-51?

A) Menarche

B) Menopause

C) Menstrual cycle

D) Menorrhagia

Answer: B) Menopause

Which phase of the menstrual cycle is also known as the secretory phase?

A) Follicular phase

B) Luteal phase

C) Menstrual phase

D) Proliferative phase

Answer: B) Luteal phase

Which of the following hormones is NOT involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle?

A) Estrogen

B) Testosterone

C) Progesterone

D) Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

Answer: B) Testosterone

What is the term for irregular or absent menstrual periods?

A) Menarche

B) Menopause

C) Amenorrhea

D) Dysmenorrhea

Answer: C) Amenorrhea

Which structure secretes gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to regulate the release of FSH and LH?

A) Ovaries

B) Hypothalamus

C) Pituitary gland

D) Uterus

Answer: B) Hypothalamus

What is the average length of the luteal phase in the menstrual cycle?

A) 3-5 days

B) 7-10 days

C) 14 days

D) 21 days

Answer: C) 14 days

Which of the following conditions is characterized by painful menstruation?

A) Menarche

B) Menopause

C) Amenorrhea

D) Dysmenorrhea

Answer: D) Dysmenorrhea

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating the growth and development of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: A) Estrogen

Which phase of the menstrual cycle is also known as the preovulatory phase?

A) Follicular phase

B) Luteal phase

C) Menstrual phase

D) Proliferative phase

Answer: A) Follicular phase

Which of the following conditions is characterized by heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding?

A) Menarche

B) Menopause

C) Amenorrhea

D) Menorrhagia

Answer: D) Menorrhagia

Which hormone is responsible for triggering the onset of menstruation in adolescent girls?

A) Estrogen

B) Progesterone

C) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

D) Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Answer: C) Follicle-stimulating

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