- Advertisement -
NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Glands and Hormones

MCQ on Glands and Hormones

MCQ on Glands and Hormones

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Glands and Hormones Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

Glands are organs or tissues in the body that secrete substances, such as hormones, enzymes, or sweat, to perform various functions. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands that regulate numerous physiological processes in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, mood, reproduction, and stress response

Which gland is often referred to as the “master gland” of the endocrine system?

a) Thyroid gland

b) Adrenal gland

c) Pituitary gland

d) Pancreas

Answer: c) Pituitary gland

Which hormone is produced by the thyroid gland and regulates metabolism?

a) Insulin

b) Thyroxine (T4)

c) Cortisol

d) Estrogen

Answer: b) Thyroxine (T4)

FOLLOW YOUTUBE CHANNEL FOR MORE MCQS CLICK HERE

Which hormone regulates blood glucose levels by promoting glucose uptake by cells and glycogen synthesis in the liver?

a) Insulin

b) Glucagon

c) Cortisol

d) Thyroxine (T4)

Answer: a) Insulin

Where is insulin produced in the body?

a) Adrenal gland

b) Pancreas

c) Thyroid gland

d) Pituitary gland

Answer: b) Pancreas

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating milk production in the mammary glands?

a) Estrogen

b) Prolactin

c) Oxytocin

d) Progesterone

Answer: b) Prolactin

Which gland produces cortisol, a hormone involved in stress response and metabolism regulation?

a) Thyroid gland

b) Adrenal gland

c) Pituitary gland

d) Pancreas

Answer: b) Adrenal gland

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding?

a) Estrogen

b) Prolactin

c) Oxytocin

d) Progesterone

Answer: c) Oxytocin

What is the primary function of estrogen in the female reproductive system?

a) Stimulating ovulation

b) Maintaining pregnancy

c) Promoting breast development

d) Inhibiting menstruation

Answer: c) Promoting breast development

Which hormone is responsible for regulating the body’s response to stress and metabolism?

a) Cortisol

b) Insulin

c) Thyroxine (T4)

d) Prolactin

Answer: a) Cortisol

Which hormone regulates calcium levels in the blood and bone metabolism?

a) Insulin

b) Glucagon

c) Calcitonin

d) Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Answer: d) Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Where is parathyroid hormone (PTH) produced?

a) Thyroid gland

b) Adrenal gland

c) Pancreas

d) Parathyroid gland

Answer: d) Parathyroid gland

Which hormone is responsible for promoting the growth and development of reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics in males?

a) Estrogen

b) Testosterone

c) Progesterone

d) Prolactin

Answer: b) Testosterone

Which hormone is responsible for promoting water retention by the kidneys and increasing blood pressure?

a) Aldosterone

b) Cortisol

c) Epinephrine

d) Glucagon

Answer: a) Aldosterone

Where is aldosterone produced in the body?

a) Thyroid gland

b) Adrenal gland

c) Pancreas

d) Pituitary gland

Answer: b) Adrenal gland

Which hormone is responsible for regulating the sleep-wake cycle and promoting sleep?

a) Melatonin

b) Serotonin

c) Dopamine

d) Epinephrine

Answer: a) Melatonin

Where is melatonin produced in the body?

a) Pineal gland

b) Adrenal gland

c) Pituitary gland

d) Thyroid gland

Answer: a) Pineal gland

Which hormone stimulates the development and maturation of ovarian follicles in females?

a) FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone)

b) LH (Luteinizing hormone)

c) Prolactin

d) ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone)

Answer: a) FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone)

Which hormone is responsible for stimulating the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow?

a) Erythropoietin

b) Growth hormone

c) Thyroxine (T4)

d) Aldosterone

Answer: a) Erythropoietin

Where is erythropoietin produced in the body?

a) Kidneys

b) Liver

c) Pancreas

d) Spleen

Answer: a) Kidneys

Which hormone stimulates the contraction of smooth muscle in the uterus during childbirth?

a) Estrogen

b) Progesterone

c) Oxytocin

d) Prolactin

Answer: c) Oxytocin

Which hormone stimulates the production of sperm in the testes?

a) FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone)

b) LH (Luteinizing hormone)

c) Testosterone

d) Progesterone

Answer: a) FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone)

Which hormone regulates blood calcium levels by inhibiting its release from bones and promoting its excretion by the kidneys?

a) Calcitonin

b) Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

c) Aldosterone

d) Cortisol

Answer: a) Calcitonin

Which hormone stimulates the growth and development of the mammary glands during pregnancy?

a) Estrogen

b) Progesterone

c) Prolactin

d) Oxytocin

Answer: c) Prolactin

Which hormone is responsible for regulating body temperature and metabolism?

a) Thyroxine (T4)

b) Growth hormone

c) Cortisol

d) Insulin

Answer: a) Thyroxine (T4)

Which hormone is responsible for promoting the development and maintenance of male secondary sexual characteristics?

a) Estrogen

b) Progesterone

c) Testosterone

d) Prolactin

Answer: c) Testosterone

FOLLOW YOUTUBE CHANNEL FOR MORE MCQS CLICK HERE

Here are some important glands and the hormones they produce:

  1. Pituitary Gland: Often referred to as the “master gland,” the pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain. It produces and secretes several hormones that regulate other endocrine glands, including:
    • Growth hormone (GH)
    • Prolactin (PRL)
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  2. Thyroid Gland: Located in the neck, the thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism and growth. These hormones include:
    • Thyroxine (T4)
    • Triiodothyronine (T3)
    • Calcitonin
  3. Adrenal Glands: Situated on top of each kidney, the adrenal glands produce hormones involved in stress response, metabolism, and electrolyte balance. These hormones include:
    • Cortisol (a glucocorticoid)
    • Aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid)
    • Adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) (catecholamines)
  4. Pancreas: The pancreas has both exocrine and endocrine functions. Its endocrine function involves producing hormones that regulate blood sugar levels:
    • Insulin (lowers blood sugar)
    • Glucagon (raises blood sugar)
  5. Pineal Gland: Located in the brain, the pineal gland produces melatonin, a hormone involved in regulating sleep-wake cycles (circadian rhythm) and seasonal rhythms.
  6. Hypothalamus: Although not a gland in the traditional sense, the hypothalamus plays a crucial role in hormone regulation by producing releasing and inhibiting hormones that control the secretion of hormones from the pituitary gland.
  7. Gonads:
    • Ovaries (in females) produce estrogen and progesterone, which regulate the menstrual cycle and secondary sexual characteristics.
    • Testes (in males) produce testosterone, which regulates sperm production and secondary sexual characteristics.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Related article

Nurse Info