GROUP THERAPY

GROUP THERAPY – Types of Therapy, Physical Conditions that Influence Group Dynamics and Curative/Therapeutic Factors of Group Therapy (According to Yalom) (MENTAL HEALTH NURSING)

The goal of group therapy is to help individuals develop more functional and satisfying relationships. When an individual’s dysfunctional pattern is demonstrated in the group, the task of the group is to assist members to understand the patterns of interacting within the group and to help clients generalize this information to their lives outside the group

TYPES OF GROUP

  • Task groups: a group formed to accomplish a specific outcome
  • Teaching groups: focus is to convey knowledge and information to a number of individuals
  • Supportive/therapeutic groups: the concern of these groups is to prevent possible future upsets by educating the participants in effective ways of dealing with emotional stress arising from situational or developmental crises
  • Self-help groups: composed of individuals with a similar problem

PHYSICAL CONDITIONS THAT INFLUENCE GROUP DYNAMICS

Seating: it is best when there is no barrier between the members. For example, a circle of chairs is better than chairs set around a table

Size: seven or eight members provide a favorable climate for optimal group interaction and relationship development

Membership: two types of groups exist: open ended groups (those in which members leave and others join at any time during the existence of the group) and closed ended groups (those in which all members join at the time the group is organized and terminated at the end of the designated length of time)

CURATIVE/THERAPEUTIC FACTORS OF GROUP THERAPY (ACCORDING TO YALOM)

  • Instillation of hope: client believes he/she will get better through groups therapy
  • Universality: client learns that other group members have similar problems and feelings
  • Imparting of information: client learns didactic information which occurs in a group setting
  • Altruism: client help each other in the group, resulting in increased self-esteem
  • Corrective recapitulation of the  primary family group: client’s family background influences client behavior and client can relieve and correct early conflicts
  • Development of socializing techniques: client develops social skills in the group
  • Initiative behavior: client identifies with and imitates healthy behavior of group members
  • Interpersonal learning: client’s interpersonal distortions are connected
  • Group cohesiveness: client experiences bonding with the group, group norms are protected and positive client outcomes result
  • Catharsis: group members express feelings, even deep and powerful emotions, and then learn new ways to handle their problems
  • Existential factors: responsibility, existence, awareness, and mortality are explored
GROUP THERAPY – Types of Therapy, Physical Conditions that Influence Group Dynamics and Curative/Therapeutic Factors of Group Therapy (According to Yalom) (MENTAL HEALTH NURSING)
GROUP THERAPY – Types of Therapy, Physical Conditions that Influence Group Dynamics and Curative/Therapeutic Factors of Group Therapy (According to Yalom) (MENTAL HEALTH NURSING)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *