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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Erythropoiesis: Functions

MCQ on Erythropoiesis: Functions

MCQ on Erythropoiesis: Functions

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Erythropoiesis Functions Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

What is erythropoiesis?

a) Formation of white blood cells

b) Formation of red blood cells

c) Formation of platelets

d) Formation of plasma proteins

Answer: b) Formation of red blood cells

Where does erythropoiesis primarily occur in adults?

a) Liver

b) Spleen

c) Bone marrow

d) Kidneys

Answer: c) Bone marrow

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Which hormone stimulates erythropoiesis?

a) Insulin

b) Thyroxine

c) Aldosterone

d) Erythropoietin (EPO)

Answer: d) Erythropoietin (EPO)

What is the primary stimulus for the production of erythropoietin (EPO)?

a) High blood oxygen levels

b) Low blood oxygen levels

c) High blood glucose levels

d) Low blood glucose levels

Answer: b) Low blood oxygen levels

Which of the following organs secretes erythropoietin (EPO)?

a) Liver

b) Spleen

c) Bone marrow

d) Kidneys

Answer: d) Kidneys

What is the precursor cell for erythrocytes?

a) Proerythroblast

b) Reticulocyte

c) Myeloblast

d) Megakaryocyte

Answer: a) Proerythroblast

Where are erythrocytes produced before birth?

a) Liver

b) Spleen

c) Bone marrow

d) Fetal yolk sac and liver

Answer: d) Fetal yolk sac and liver

What is the average lifespan of a mature red blood cell?

a) 60 days

b) 90 days

c) 120 days

d) 180 days

Answer: c) 120 days

Which of the following nutrients is essential for erythropoiesis?

a) Iron

b) Vitamin C

c) Vitamin B12

d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

What is the fate of erythrocytes after their lifespan ends?

a) Phagocytosis by macrophages

b) Conversion into white blood cells

c) Secretion by the kidneys

d) Reabsorption by bone marrow

Answer: a) Phagocytosis by macrophages

Which of the following conditions can stimulate increased erythropoietin (EPO) production?

a) High altitude

b) Hypoxia

c) Blood loss

d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Which of the following substances is required for the synthesis of hemoglobin during erythropoiesis?

a) Iron

b) Calcium

c) Potassium

d) Sodium

Answer: a) Iron

What is the role of reticulocytes in erythropoiesis?

a) They produce erythropoietin (EPO).

b) They transport oxygen in the blood.

c) They are immature red blood cells released into circulation.

d) They phagocytose pathogens.

Answer: c) They are immature red blood cells released into circulation.

Which of the following conditions is associated with decreased erythropoiesis?

a) Iron deficiency anemia

b) Vitamin B12 deficiency

c) Polycythemia

d) Hemolytic anemia

Answer: a) Iron deficiency anemia

What is the function of erythropoietin (EPO) in erythropoiesis?

a) To stimulate red blood cell destruction

b) To stimulate red blood cell production

c) To inhibit white blood cell production

d) To inhibit platelet production

Answer: b) To stimulate red blood cell production

Which of the following cells differentiate into erythrocytes during erythropoiesis?

a) Myeloblasts

b) Megakaryocytes

c) Proerythroblasts

d) Lymphocytes

Answer: c) Proerythroblasts

What is the term for the process of development of red blood cells from hematopoietic stem cells?

a) Erythropoiesis

b) Hematopoiesis

c) Thrombopoiesis

d) Myelopoiesis

Answer: a) Erythropoiesis

Which of the following is NOT a requirement for effective erythropoiesis?

a) Adequate supply of iron

b) Presence of erythropoietin

c) Sufficient vitamin B6

d) Normal kidney function

Answer: c) Sufficient vitamin B6

What is the primary site of erythropoiesis in adults?

a) Liver

b) Spleen

c) Bone marrow

d) Kidneys

Answer: c) Bone marrow

Which type of cell produces erythropoietin (EPO)?

a) Hepatocytes

b) Macrophages

c) Renal tubular cells

d) Lymphocytes

Answer: c) Renal tubular cells

Which of the following is a characteristic of reticulocytes?

a) Mature red blood cells

b) Immature red blood cells

c) Cells with high oxygen affinity

d) Cells with low hemoglobin content

Answer: b) Immature red blood cells

What is the name of the process by which reticulocytes lose their remaining organelles and become mature erythrocytes?

a) Hematopoiesis

b) Erythropoiesis

c) Hemoglobin synthesis

d) Reticulocyte maturation

Answer: d) Reticulocyte maturation

Which of the following organs senses hypoxia and releases erythropoietin (EPO) accordingly?

a) Liver

b) Spleen

c) Bone marrow

d) Kidneys

Answer: d) Kidneys

What happens to erythrocyte production in response to chronic hypoxia?

a) Increases

b) Decreases

c) Remains unchanged

d) Stops completely

Answer: a) Increases

Which of the following elements is a key component of heme, an essential part of hemoglobin?

a) Zinc

b) Iron

c) Copper

d) Magnesium

Answer: b) Iron

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