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NURSING EXAMINATIONMCQ on Bile: Function and Diseases

MCQ on Bile: Function and Diseases

MCQ on Bile: Function and Diseases

Frequently Asked MCQ quiz on the Bile: Functions and Diseases Questions with Answers – MCQ Quiz for Competitive Exam Preparation – These questions given will be useful for competitive exams preparation. We will be updating more mcq regularly, please follow our website regularly.

What is the primary function of bile?

a) Digestion of proteins

b) Emulsification of fats

c) Regulation of blood sugar levels

d) Production of enzymes

Answer: b) Emulsification of fats

Where is bile produced?

a) Liver

b) Gallbladder

c) Pancreas

d) Small intestine

Answer: a) Liver

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Which pigment gives bile its characteristic yellow-green color?

a) Bilirubin

b) Biliverdin

c) Bilisalt

d) Biliprotein

Answer: a) Bilirubin

Which duct carries bile from the liver to the gallbladder for storage?

a) Common bile duct

b) Hepatic duct

c) Cystic duct

d) Pancreatic duct

Answer: b) Hepatic duct

Which hormone stimulates the release of bile from the gallbladder into the duodenum?

a) Insulin

b) Glucagon

c) Cholecystokinin (CCK)

d) Secretin

Answer: c) Cholecystokinin (CCK)

What is the function of bile salts in digestion?

a) Activate lipase enzymes

b) Break down carbohydrates

c) Emulsify fats

d) Neutralize stomach acid

Answer: c) Emulsify fats

Which structure regulates the flow of bile from the common bile duct into the duodenum?

a) Sphincter of Oddi

b) Pyloric sphincter

c) Ileocecal valve

d) Hepatic duct

Answer: a) Sphincter of Oddi

Which organ stores and concentrates bile?

a) Liver

b) Stomach

c) Gallbladder

d) Pancreas

Answer: c) Gallbladder

What is the term for the process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller droplets by bile?

a) Digestion

b) Emulsification

c) Absorption

d) Secretion

Answer: b) Emulsification

Which condition is characterized by the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder?

a) Cholecystitis

b) Cholelithiasis

c) Choledocholithiasis

d) Cholangitis

Answer: b) Cholelithiasis

What is the composition of bile salts primarily derived from?

a) Cholesterol

b) Proteins

c) Nucleic acids

d) Sugars

Answer: a) Cholesterol

Which type of bile pigment is a breakdown product of heme?

a) Bilirubin

b) Biliverdin

c) Bilisalt

d) Biliprotein

Answer: a) Bilirubin

Which component of bile aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins?

a) Bilirubin

b) Bile salts

c) Cholesterol

d) Phospholipids

Answer: b) Bile salts

Which substance helps in neutralizing stomach acid as it enters the small intestine?

a) Bile salts

b) Bilirubin

c) Cholesterol

d) Bicarbonate ions

Answer: d) Bicarbonate ions

Which condition is characterized by inflammation of the gallbladder?

a) Cholecystitis

b) Cholelithiasis

c) Choledocholithiasis

d) Cholangitis

Answer: a) Cholecystitis

Which type of gallstone is composed primarily of cholesterol?

a) Black pigment stones

b) Brown pigment stones

c) Mixed cholesterol stones

d) Calcium carbonate stones

Answer: c) Mixed cholesterol stones

What is the function of bile in the digestion of fats?

a) Digestion of fats into fatty acids

b) Emulsification of fats into smaller droplets

c) Neutralization of stomach acid

d) Activation of lipase enzymes

Answer: b) Emulsification of fats into smaller droplets

Which hormone stimulates the secretion of bile by the liver?

a) Insulin

b) Glucagon

c) Cholecystokinin (CCK)

d) Secretin

Answer: d) Secretin

Which condition is characterized by the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct?

a) Cholecystitis

b) Cholelithiasis

c) Choledocholithiasis

d) Cholangitis

Answer: c) Choledocholithiasis

Which liver enzyme is elevated in cases of obstructive jaundice due to gallstones?

a) ALT

b) AST

c) ALP

d) GGT

Answer: c) ALP

What is the function of bile in the small intestine?

a) Activates lipase enzymes

b) Neutralizes stomach acid

c) Emulsifies fats for digestion

d) Enhances carbohydrate absorption

Answer: c) Emulsifies fats for digestion

Which substance is responsible for the yellow-green color of bile?

a) Bilirubin

b) Biliverdin

c) Bilisalt

d) Biliprotein

Answer: a) Bilirubin

Which component of bile aids in the excretion of cholesterol and bilirubin from the body?

a) Bile salts

b) Bilirubin

c) Cholesterol

d) Phospholipids

Answer: a) Bile salts

Which enzyme in bile aids in the breakdown of fats?

a) Amylase

b) Lipase

c) Trypsin

d) Chymotrypsin

Answer: b) Lipase

Which substance in bile helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins?

a) Bile salts

b) Bilirubin

c) Cholesterol

d) Phospholipids

Answer: a) Bile salts

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